ASTM a Test, Intergranular Corrosion, IGC, ASTM A Practice, Testing, India – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ASTM A Practice A test (Oxalic acid test). The oxalic acid etch test is rapid and nondestructive, but not quantitative. It is a rapid etching procedure and . Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the.

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The oxalic acid test pradtice commonly used before the Strauss test to determine if a sample is susceptible; samples that pass method A will generally show low corrosion rates in the Strauss test. Practice A is a rapid screening examination of the microstructure to quickly determine if the structure is certain to be free of susceptibility to rapid intergranular attack.

The first and fastest step is the ASTM A Practice A, a rapid same-day screening method in Oxalic acid to determine the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. The weight loss is calculated after each step, and reveals if the sample has been properly heat-treated. Practice B, also known as the Streicher test, uses weight loss analysis to provide a quantitative measure of the materials performance.

ASTM A is a common intergranular corrosion testing method that can quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility. Learn more about our laboratories – where they are located; the unique capabilities they have and how they can help you solve your technical and commercial challenges.

Because it can be run quickly for screening, we often run this test first. The test uses a visual inspection of the surface of the bent specimen to determine pass or fail.

The Oxalic Acid test is only used to ensure that no corrosion exists; samples are labeled either “Acceptable” or “Suspect”. In many cases we can reduce that to as little as 24 hours more than the required testing pracitce if you need fast results.


The test evaluates the resistance of extra-low-carbon steels to sensitization and intergranular attack from welding or heat treatment processes. G2MT Labs is one of zstm few labs to offer all five ASTM A corrosion testing practices, as aatm as the expertise to help you determine which tests to use, what to do if a test fails, and other corrosion consulting as needed.

Vickers Hardness 5Kg and 10Kg. Choosing an Intergranular Corrosion Test Method Since high temperature processing such as heat treatment is a common practice, many manufacturers wish to perform intergranular corrosion qualification testing on each batch, to ensure that the material has been processed correctly and does not show signs of corrosion susceptibility.

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Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

Strauss test specimens are boiled in a Copper Sulfate – Sulfuric Acid mixture for 15 hours. A recent publication on intergranular corrosion. Please refer to the specification for more details. ASTM A testing is a popular method of choice due to the variety of practices available and the relatively short turnaround for results. In SEM analysis, intergranular corrosion is clear by q262 dark lines where the grain boundaries are eaten away.

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The test is generally performed for acceptance of materials, but not sufficient for rejection of materials. This practice includes boiling the sample for 24 to hours in the solution above, and measures the materials performance quantitatively. All austenitic stainless steels should meet this requirement, if proper annealing took place. Intergranular corrosion occurs as a result of precipitation of nitridescarbidesand other intermetallic phasessuch as sigma phase, that occurs along the grain boundaries.


It depends on which Practice is selected, but typically ranges from to days for different tests. This website uses cookies to improve pratice experience.

Due to the variance z262 attack q different materials, numerous methods Practices B-F are used to assess intergranular corrosion. Classification of the structure after A Practice A analysis will determine if the material is acceptable or if additional testing is required.

Carbon and Sulfur Analysis. These tests are often run as a qualification test to ensure each batch of stainless steel is properly prepared.

By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard Translated Version s: The samples are etched after metallographic preparation for cross-sectional examination which is thoroughly viewed with a traverse from inside to outside diameters of rods and tubes, from face to face on plates, and across all zones such as weld metal, weld-affected zones, and base plates on specimens containing welds.

ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

These tests do not provide a basis for predicting resistance to forms of corrosion other than intergranular, such as general corrosion, pitting, or stress-corrosion cracking. Typical examination magnification is X to X. The Strauss test is commonly used to evaluate the heat-treatment of as-received material, the effectiveness of alloying additions of elements such as Nb and Ti, or the effectiveness of reducing carbon content to resist intergranular attack. This abstract is a brief pfactice of the referenced standard.

There is several cause for SCC, Chloride is the leading cause of transgranular cracking or attack. Wilson Hardness Conversion Chart. The etch structure types used to classify the specimens are: