Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire. Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Gerecz-Simon E, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, MacDermid JC. Clinimetric . The questionnaire was intended for persons with hand and wrist conditions and. Jun 7, (AUSCAN), Cochin Hand Function Scale, Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis and Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ).

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We examined these partial correlations in right and left hands.

This is particularly important because the AUSCAN scale developers have endorsed the use of the subscales individually 4. Articular hypermobility and hand osteoarthritis.

The Hr-MQOLQ is a item, self-administered questionnaire that assesses the quality of life of migraine sufferers within a hour period after having taken migraine medication and within the first 24 hours of a migraine attack. For measures including multiple subscales i. There was a minor deviation from this pattern for the subgroup of patients who reported that they did not have current hand pain on the single-item measure. Validation of an algofunctional index for osteoarthritis of the hand.

In these analyses, the single-item pain measure was more strongly associated with the AUSCAN pain subscale than the function subscale, except among individuals in the middle age group 55—64; in which the correlation with the AUSCAN function subscale was very slightly higher and those without radiographic hand OA in which these associations were approximately equal.

Correlations involving the AUSCAN stiffness scale and the self-reported hand pain are Spearman correlation coefficients; other correlations are Pearson correlation coefficients. HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire The HAQ was developed as a comprehensive measure of outcome in patients with a wide variety of rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus, scleroderma, ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, and psoriatic arthritis.

We conducted factor analyses with two factors specified on these two separate Caucasian groups and found that the factor loadings were similar to each other and to those for the full sample. Results were similar for all subgroups gender, race, all age groups, both classifications of radiographic OA, hand pain.

KL grading is a standard and the most common method for assessing radiographic hand OA. With respect to gender, associations of AUSCAN subscales with pinch and grip strength were slightly weaker for men than women, but these were all statistically significant for both groups and followed patterns similar to those shown in Table II.


This may be partly due to the fact that these hand pain items have a limited distribution scale of 0—3 and may not be sensitive to small differences in pain. However, we did not observe a clear factor pattern corresponding to activity type in this analysis.

In addition, further research is needed to understand factors underlying racial differences quesionnaire self-reported hand pain and function.

There may be questionnair differences in the types and difficulty of tasks that individuals think about when responding to pain items i. Please inquire if you do not see your desired questionnaire below as we may have worked with it before. The function items that loaded on the factor with the pain items relate to tasks that generally require less strength turning faucets and doorknobs, buttoning than the remainder of the function items that loaded on a factor together i.

In a scree test, the point where the plot of eigenvalues vs factors changes slope indicates the number of factors that should be retained. Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests.

AUSCAN – Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index

Prior studies have confirmed the validity of this scale in clinical and family-based samples, all with radiographic hand OA 1 — 5. The scree test for the number of factors. We used an oblique rotation promax since we expected the subscales to be correlated. However, overall results of this study do not show any major problems with the validity or utility of the AUSCAN for this subgroup of individuals.

Author manuscript; available in PMC Nov The AUSCAN stiffness subscale 1 item, scale of 0—4 and the self-reported hand pain items scale of 0—3 were not normally distributed. Older patients’ perceptions of quality of chronic knee or hip pain: Specifically, the grip and pinch strength were more strongly associated with the AUSCAN function subscale than the pain and stiffness subscales.

Correlations between Questionnair subscales and the hand strength and hand pain measures support the scale’s construct validity.

AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Index – AUSCAN – Hand Osteoarthritis

The HAQc is a parent administered questionnaire and has been used extensively in children with rheumatoid arthritis. The HAQ is a self reported questionnaire that evaluates functional capability to perform various activities of daily during the past week using a 4-level Likert scale. While the AUSCAN was originally designed and validated for use among individuals with radiographic hand OA, this study indicates its utility may be broader, suitable for assessing hand pain, stiffness, and function in more general adult samples.


The cross-sectional sample was composed of individuals enrolled in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project who completed the AUSCAN during a follow-up assessment approximately 5—7 years after their baseline assessment. Results of the exploratory factor analysis with the number of factors not specified are shown in Table IV for the full sample.

Kellgren J, Lawrence J. The three dimensions of pain, disability and joint stiffness are evaluated for patients with osteoarthritis of the hand.

Results of this analysis were similar for men, women, quewtionnaire age groups, Caucasians, participants with and without radiographic hand OA using both definitionsand participants with and without self-reported hand pain. The HAQ should be considered a generic rather than a disease-specific instrument. Because sample size can questoinnaire factor analytic results and thus may have contributed to the observed differences between Caucasian and African American groups, we randomly divided the Caucasian participants in the sample into two groups that were approximately the same size as the African American group.

Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN)

Acknowledgments The views expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs. However, for African Americans, a different factor pattern emerged, with three function items loading on a factor with the pain items. Denmark Finland France Germany Hungry. Internal consistency was also acceptable for all subgroups, including men and women, Caucasians and African American, all age groups, those with and without radiographic hand OA using both definitionsand those with and without self-reported hand pain.

Details of the protocol are reported elsewhere 8. Is there a difference in the perception of symptoms between African Americans and whites with osteoarthritis. Support Center Support Center. A First Course in Factor Analysis.