The bitter struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert was the first major Allied victory of the Second World War. ODAL!Music: ODAL!Video: channel/rfyxEnAH7Uy. North Africa campaigns, (–43), in World War II, series of battles for but significant events that bound the Axis Powers and culminated in a world war.

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Following the failure of Operation BattleaxeArchibald Wavell was relieved of command and replaced by Claude Auchinleck. Rommel garrisoned these positions, reinforcing the battle-group and ordering it onto the defensive.

Page 1 of 2. Montgomery counterattacked immediately, but broke off the operation as soon as the Axis forces were pushed back to the vicinity of their starting positions. It was a decision Rommel later regretted. When Benito Mussolini took Italy into the war, the Italian forces in North and East Africa were overwhelmingly superior in numbers to the scanty British forces opposing them.

After several days of slow advances, he reached Thala on February 21 but could advance no farther. Operation Torch in November was a compromise operation that met the British objective of securing victory in North Africa while allowing American armed forces the opportunity to engage in the fight against Nazi Germany on a limited scale.

The turnabout doomed any chance that Rommel may have had of making an effective stand, as a resumption of the defense of el-Alamein was an exercise in futility. After a tentative effort to relieve Tobruk in mid-MayWavell made a greater one in mid-June, with fresh reinforcements.

North African Campaign – Wikipedia

Taken together, the battles of Ruweisat Ridge and Alam el Halfa were the real strategic turning point of the war in North Africa. However, I had arranged with the Quartermaster for the Panzer Group’s order to be posted in every Cantoniera in Tripolitinia on 21 January During the winter, there followed a on of stalemate during which time both sides continued to build up their forces.


This defeat in Africa led to all Italian colonies in Africa being captured. Rommel could not continue to parry such attacks indefinitely, however. Montgomery used the time after the Battle of Alam 1940-4 Halfa to rest and train his troops, integrate the new American tanks he had received, and carefully plan his counterattack.

All that remained to complete the conquest of Cyrenaica was the capture of Benghazibut on February 3,air reconnaissance revealed that the Italians were preparing to abandon the city. The battle plan was to advance along the coastal road, while limited armoured forces operated on the desert flank.

In the north, the U. Of great significance, on 29 June US reports from Egypt of British military operations stopped using the compromised “Black Nortn which the Axis were reading, so learning of British “strengths, positions, losses, reinforcements, supply, situation, plans, morale etc”. Richard O’Connor sent the 7th Armoured Division across the desert, with a small reconnaissance group reaching Beda Fomm some ninety minutes before the Italians, cutting off their retreat.

On February 12, Brig. Auchinleck, for his part, was not content with stopping Rommel: Der Feldzug in Afrika — deutsches-afrikakorps. Italian control of the airfield at Sidi Barrani, however, seriously reduced the operational reach of British air power and posed a threat to the Royal Navy in Alexandria.


North African Campaign

Rommel slipped away again, and although a British flanking maneuver cut off his rearguard, that rearguard was able to break through the encirclement and escape.

When the Eighth Army launched its next offensive, in mid JanuaryRommel fell back again, making an almost continuous mile km withdrawal, past Tripolito the Mareth Line inside the Tunisian frontier. On August 31,Rommel launched what he believed would be the final attack in the Axis drive to the Nile.

Contact our editors with your feedback. He arrived near el-Alamein on the evening of October 25 to take charge of the defense. Army, too, had finally gotten into the war and acquitted itself well after a shaky start at Kasserine Pass.

When the British did not continue their advance, Rommel, having arrived early in Tripolitaniaattempted an offensive with what forces he had. It was an inhospitable region with no vegetation and virtually no water. That redeployment was well in progress when, soon after midday on November 3, an overriding order came from Hitler, insisting that el-Alamein must be held at all costs.

The struggle for control of North Africa began as early as Octoberwhen Italy invaded Ethiopia from its colony Italian Somaliland. Two days later, no invasion having been launched, Mussolini ordered Marshal Graziani that, arrica moment German forces launched Afroca Sea Lionhe was to attack.