Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande is a gem in Indian classical music. His books are really helping all the students including myself. These books has a special place . Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (10 August – 19 September ) was an Indian . Kramik Pustak Malika – This book was published in six parts. Bhatkhande – Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati – Kramik Pustak Malika Part 1. Uploaded by SikhSangat Books. Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati – Kramik Pustak.

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Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande 10 August — 19 September was ghatkhande Indian musicologist who wrote the first modern treatise on Hindustani classical musican art which had been propagated earlier for a few centuries mostly through oral traditions.

During those earlier times, the art had undergone several changes, rendering the raga grammar documented in scant old outdated texts. Ragas used to be classified into Raga maleRagini femaleand Putra children.

2,000 classical compositions from musicologist Bhatkhande’s century-old books are now on CD

Bhatkhande reclassified them into the currently used thaat system. He noted that several ragas did not conform to their description in ancient Sanskrit texts. He explained the ragas in an easy-to-understand language and composed several bandishes which explained the grammar of the ragas. He borrowed the idea of lakshan geet from the Carnatic music scholar Venkatamakhin. While not a professional musician himself, his father, who worked for an affluent businessman, ensured that Bhatkhande and his siblings received an education in classical music.

After turning fifteen, Bhatkhande became a student of the sitar and subsequently began studying Sanskrit texts that dealt with music theory. InBhatkhande graduated with a degree in law from Bombay University and briefly pursued a career in criminal law. InBhatkhande became a member of Gayan Uttejak Mandalia music appreciation society in Bombay, which broadened his experience with music performance and teaching.

He studied at the Mandali for six years and learned a variety compositions in both khayal and dhrupad forms under musicians such as Shri Raojibua Belbagkar and Ustad Ali Hussain.


This led to him abandoning his law practice and devoting his full attention of music. Bhatkhande traveled throughout India, meeting with ustads and panditsand researching music.

He began the study of ancient texts such as the Natya Shastra and Sangeet Ratnakara. After the death of his wife and bhafkhande daughter, Bhatkhande abandoned his legal practice and devoted the rest of his life to systematising the prevailing forms of Hindustani music and building on that system a coordinated theory and practice of music.

During his travels in India, he spent time in BarodaGwaliorand Rampur. Bhatkhande’s first published work, Swar Malikawas a booklet containing detailed descriptions of all prevalent ragas. To make this cultural heritage accessible to the common man, bhaykhande published commentary on his own Sanskrit grantha in Marathi over a span of several years; it was published over four volumes bearing the title: These volumes form today the standard text on Hindustani music, an indispensable starting point for any student of Hindustani Classical Music.

His disciple S N Ratanjankarfamous musician Shri.

Dilip Kumar Roy, Ratanjankar’s disciple K. His notation system became standard and though later scholars like Pt. Paluskar, Pandit Vinayakrao Patwardhan and Pt. Omkarnath Thakur introduced their improved versions, it remained a publisher’s favourite. It suffered a setback with onset of desktop publishing, which found inserting marks above and below Devanagari text cumbersome; as a result, books carrying compositions yielded to theoretical texts.

Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati: Bhatkhande Kramik Pustak by Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande

A recently developed notation system Ome Swarlipi bhatkhandr the logical structure introduced by Pt. Bhatkhande but uses symbols instead bhatjhande Devanagari alphabets. After travelling widely and having discussions with practitioners of various schools, Book arranged all the ragas of Hindustani classical music across 10 musical scalescalled thaats.

Though the thaats do not encompass all possible ragas, they do cover the vast majority, and are a key contribution to Indian musical theory. The thaat structure corresponds to the melakarta system of raga bhatkhanse in Carnatic musicthe south Indian variety of Indian classical music. Bhatkhande wrote all of his works under one of the two pseudonymsVishnu Sharma and Chaturpandit. Bhatkhande started schools and colleges in India for systematic teaching of Hindustani music. Inhe reorganized the Baroda state music school, and later, with the help of the Maharaja of Gwaliorestablished the Madhav Music College in Gwalior.


InRai Umanath Bali and his nephew Dr. Preparation of that course material was a landmark achievement of Bhatkhande since musical knowledge used to be passed on orally in earlier times from Gurus and Ustads to their disciples. He also started the tradition of the All India Music Conferences to provide a common platform for discussion between Hindustani and Carnatic classical musicians.

Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati Kramik Pustak Malika

Bhatkhande suffered paralysis and a thigh fracture in He died on 19 Septemberduring the week of the Ganesh Chaturthi festival. Ganesh Chaturthi [ clarification needed ]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the university, see Bhatkhande Music Institute. This article needs additional citations bhatkhanfe verification. Please help bhatkhhande this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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bhatmhande The Hindu 2 January Two men and music: The Hindu 30 March The Times of India. Bhatkhande’s Contribution to Music: The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberbokos By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande.