Scientific name, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Taxonomy navigation. Up › Brassica oleracea. Down Terminal (leaf) node. Common name, Brussel sprouts. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) as its name suggests, originated in Belgium, probably near Brussels. Although Brussels sprouts were.

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Forerunners to modern Brussels sprouts were probably cultivated in Ancient Rome. The Medical Journal of Australia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brassica oleracea var.

Retrieved 8 June Common Pests and Diseases Caterpillars, and aphids on stressed plants that suffer from a lack of moisture and nutrients. Some samples may require further examination or culture work nominal fee involved at the U of IL Plant Clinic.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivarsincluding cabbagebroccolicauliflowerkaleGemmmifera sproutscollard greenssavoybrassiaand gai lan. The Brussels Sprout is the true plant of Christmas! View December 23, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Prefers cool, moist conditions and has a long growing season.

Media related to Brassica oleracea at Wikimedia Commons. Harvest Time Harvest sprouts they are about two inches in diameter.

The Botanist in the Kitchen. Apply garden fertilizer at the same rate as for beets, plant 18 inches within the row, and rows 36 inches apart, plant at the same depth as avr were in the container. The sprouts are borne along the stem. Proudly powered by WordPress.


In Continental Europethe largest producers are the Netherlands, at 82, metric tons, and Germany, at 10, tons.

One of these is the complex sugar raffinose which therefore passes unchanged from the small to the large intestine. University of Illinois Extension. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications beassica new posts by email. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.

Pinch terminal bud brassca reaching a desired height of about 2-ft tall in northern Illinois after all sprouts have set. So says Professor John Warrenand he has statistics to prove his point! The leaves are fleshier and thicker than other Brassica species—an adaptation that helps oleracra store water and nutrients in its difficult growing environment. Volume 1 9th ed.

Dr M Goes Wild. This page was last edited on 12 December olreacea, at Many cultivars are available; some are purple oleracda color, vxr as ‘Ruby Crunch’ or ‘Red Bull’.

The cabbage has been around for millennia — earliest records of cultivated cabbages are to be found in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome and date from around BC, but in contrast, the sprout is a recent invention. In one reported incident, eating too many Brussels sprouts precipitated hospitalization for an individual on blood-thinning therapy.

Brussels sprouts as they are now known were grown possibly as early as the 13th century in what is now Belgium. University of Illinois Extension Hort Answers. The plant requires well-drained, medium to heavy clay soils that have been well prepared with large quantities of general fertilizer, manure and compost.


Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussel sprouts) – Taxonomy Result

Some cooks make a single cut or a cross in the center of the stem to aid the penetration of heat. This publication may be purchased at your local University of Illinois Extension Unit office, or by callingor by placing an vad online search for “C”. Brussels sprouts, as with broccoli and other brassicas gemmiferz, contain sulforaphanea phytochemical under basic research for its potential biological properties.

Retrieved 7 June United States Department of Agriculture.

Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

A diet rich in cruciferous vegetables e. Pin It on Pinterest. From there it took about 50 years for the crop to spread to France and Britain.

They are of excellent qualityafter first frost while the quality is very low when harvested in hot weather. Microscopic examinations, laboratory culturing, virus assays, and nematode assays are some of the techniques used in the clinic.

Advent Botany — Day Sprouts can be left on plant in mild winter, and harvested when needed. The leafy green vegetables are typically 2.

Downy mildew and black rot on seedlings in warm, moist weather. In places such as the Channel Islands and Canary Islandswhere the frost is minimal and plants are thus freed from seasonality, some cultivars, known as Jersey cabbagescan grow up to 3 m tall.

Brussels sprout

Archived from the original on Low Countries year unknown. Harden transplants before transplanting them outdoors.

Archived from the original on