BURUSHASKI (Burúśaski), language spoken by the Burúśo (sing. Burúśin) in Hunza-Karakorum, North Pakistan, containing some Iranian loanwords of various . Known to its speakers as mišāski or ‘my language’, Burushaski is mainly spoken in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys situated in the Gilgit- Baltistan (formerly. The picturesque valleys of northern Pakistan are the cradles of many strange languages and cultures. The languages spoken here — virtually.

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Burushawki Hermann Berger, a German scholar who carried out a long and profound research on the language in the late s and s, wrote that Burushaski is quite different from the languages spoken in the neighbouring areas and has no resemblance with them, not even with the languages that might be considered akin to it, such as Balti.

The languages spoken here — virtually little explored just like these valleys —include Balti, Shina, Khuwar, Wakhi, Pahari, Burushaski and many others. A summary of the basic forms is given in the following table:.

Burushaski language, alphabet and pronunciation

Agreement on the verb has both nominative and ergative features: Despite all this research, the nature and origin of Burushaski language remains a mystery as it has defied all classifications and experts still consider it an unclassified language.

Pakistan must own the FATF project. Some verbs do not admit personal prefixes, others still do so only under certain circumstances. Television is also a source of linguistic influence from Hindi, which is very close to Urdu. A number of verbs — mostly according to their root form — are found with the d-prefix in position 2, which occurs before a consonant according to vowel harmony.


The word was first used in the middle of the 19th century to emphasize the difference between a newer approach to the study of language that was then developing and the more traditional approach of philology. Incidentally, all the research material on Burushaski language and culture had been published abroad and in Pakistan there was little material available in Urdu on Burushaski aside from volume number 14 of the Punjab University’s encyclopaedia of Urdu literature. Pakistan is once again at a critical juncture of political transition.

The base numerals are:. The language has no standard writing system, though a modified Burushawki system has been used since the s. With intransitive verbs, the subject function is indicated by both a prefix and a suffix, as in:.

In languages that exhibit gender, two or more classes of nouns control variation….

Most of these languages are spoken in regions of linguo-ecological risk and have come to a threshold from where the perspective of language death can be perceived. Distinctions in number are singular, plural, indefinite, and grouped.

Noun morphology consists of the noun stem, a possessive prefix mandatory for some nouns, and thus an example of inherent possessionand number and case suffixes. Bailey in Orientalia J. Help us improve this article! Infinitive forms are made together with auxiliary verbs and periphrastic forms. There was a problem with your submission.

Dialectal differences are llanguage mostly in lexicon and phonology but also in morphology and syntax. Please try again later. Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from May Articles containing Burushaski-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July All accuracy disputes Articles with disputed statements from July Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.


Burushaski Language Documentation Project

Forms of the auxiliary verb ba- for forming the present, imperfect, perfect and pluperfect. Thank you for your feedback. The dimensions of human misery Burushaski is a linguistic isolate, a language whose genetic relationship to other languages is not yet clear.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Genitive ; the basis of secondary case endings.

Burushaski language

Thank You for Your Contribution! Internet URLs are the best. Thus, one cannot simply say ‘mother’ or ‘arm’ in Burushaski, but only ‘my arm’, ‘your mother’, ‘his father’, etc.

TAGS berger hunza-karakorum isolate language. Burushaski languagealso spelled Burushaki or Burushkilanguage spoken primarily in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys of northern Pakistan. Berger finds the following consonants to be phonemicshown below in his burusbaski and in the IPA:.

This research is based on a corpus of bufushaski verbs. Some of them migrated to Hungary and some settled in the Himalayan valleys and parts of Korakoram range.

Burushaski phrasebook

Texts and TranslationsIII: Burushaski language Written By: Burushaski test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator. Burushaski is a language whose proposed linguistic classification and genetic affiliations have been controversial. The author argues that the middle marker is a semantic burushasko of its own and that it is clearly distinguished from the reflexive marker in this language.