Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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Brazilin modulates immune function mainly by augmenting T cell activity in halothane administered mice. Brazilin purified from C.

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Flowering can occur after one year of growth. Brazilin and MTX were dissolved in a small volume of dimethylsulfoxide DMSO and its concentration was adjusted to working concentration with 0. Dyeing is usually carried out using a highly concentrated bath and then repeating the operation several times.

Inflorescence an axillary or terminal panicle or raceme 10—40 cm long. Although all of these drugs reduce acute inflammation and pain, they do not change the course of the disease or prevent joint destruction. Adjuvant arthritis in the rat. At the 42nd day, mice sera were collected, and the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and stress enzyme markers in serum were measured using standard immunoassay methods.

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Statistical analysis was performed with a 2-sample t-test comparing each sample group to the related normal group. We present a systematic, updated checklist of larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its sappxn feeding, mating, etc.


In tropical Africa about 25 species are indigenous, naturalized or cultivated. We found that brazilin prepared from ethyl acetate extracts of C.

Biancaea sappan – Wikipedia

The origin of Caesalpinia sappan is not certain, but it is thought to be in the region from central and southern India through Myanmar and Thailand to Peninsular Malaysia and to Indo-China and southern China.

Cwesalpinia Medica 63 5: Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. The detection voltage and interface temperature were 1. Common names in English include sappanwood and Indian redwood.

The dye liquor may be used immediately or evaporated to be commercialised as a dry soluble extract which can be stored for future use. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed.

The chemical structure of brazilin is shown below. Bharat Bhusan Patnaik, Email: Czesalpinia District harbours more than 1, medicinal plants of which plants are hosts Silk, wool, cotton, matting and basket fibres can be dyed red with it and it is also used occasionally to colour food. There are 20 study abstracts related to Caesalpinia sappan L.

Suppression of lipopolyssacharide-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase by brazilin in RAW Or Suou Japanese. It does not tolerate too wet soil conditions.

Both suppression and reduction of BMD loss near joints are measures of anti-arthritic efficacy [ 4748 ]. The detection voltage and interface temperature were set to 1. Partial chondroprotective effect of zoledronate in a sappsn model of inflammatory arthritis.


Anti-convulsant compounds from the wood of Caesalpinia sappan L.

The microstructure and morphometric analyses of the bones were assessed using high-resolution microfocal computed tomography. Anti-inflammatory activity of an ethanolic Caesalpinia sappan extract caesappinia human chondrocytes and macrophages. Thus, administration of brazilin more effectively preserved trabecular architecture than did MTX. Conclusions We found that brazilin prepared from ethyl acetate extracts of C.

Results Brazilin isolated from C. High-level bone turnover rate near joints was also observed in a model of carrageenan-induced arthritis [ 46 ]. The final concentration of DMSO was set to 0.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

An extract of Caesalpinia sappan was found to be a potent agent for inactivating human sperm in vitro; about 2. Suppression of bone surface erosion, and maintenance of trabecular thickness and the trabecular bone pattern, upon brazilin administration, reduced the sapapn of damage to both bone and joints.

In tests, brazilin had a positive effect on the immune functions in sa;pan early phase of halothane intoxicated mice and had a hypoglycaemic action and increased glucose metabolism in animals presenting experimentally induced diabetis.