Edited by. John ffitch. Jean Piché. Peter Nix. Richard Boulanger. Rasmus Ekman. David Boothe. Kevin Conder. Steven Yi. Michael Gogins. Andrés Cabrera. The Canonical Csound Reference Manual. Next. The Canonical Csound Reference Manual. Frames Version. Version Barry Vercoe. MIT Media Lab. et. al. Public Csound. Reference Manual. CANONICAL VERSION by Barry Vercoe , Media Lab MIT. & contributors. Edited by John ffitch, Richard Boulanger.
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When learning Csound or any other programming languageyou may find it beneficial to type the examples out by hand as it will help you to memorise Csound’s syntax as well as how to use its opcodes.
This article is about developing aspects of musical expression, canoincal a number of existing Csound opcodes. FLslidBnk2Setk — modify the values of a slider bank. GEN40 – Generates a random distribution using a distribution histogram. MixerGetLevel — Gets the level of a send to a buss.
This opcode will send note events from a source machine to many destinations. All arguments must be passed on the right-hand side. GEN08 — Generate camonical piecewise cubic spline curve.
/chapter: How-To-Use-This-Manual / CSOUND
FLslidBnkSet — modify the values of a slider bank. The feelings or urges of expression are combined with years of careful study and neuromuscular feedback to master the extent of expression possible on an instrument or voice. Most of the input variables are k-rate variables, and allow for changing the function of the vibrato over time.
GENsone — Generate a table with values of the sone function. The code and UDO shown above, both utilize John ffitch’s lfo opcode from schedule.
GEN04 — Generates a normalizing function. GEN09 — Generate composite waveforms made up of weighted sums of simple sinusoids. MixerGetLevel — Gets the level of a send to a buss. JackoAudioOut — Sends an audio signal to a Jack port.
GEN13 – Stores a polynomial whose coefficients derive from the Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind. The goal of this manual is to provide a readable introduction to Csound.
JackoFreewheel — Turns Jack’s freewheeling mode on or off. Also known as pvs2array. De Poli had proposed the notion of “complete” and “partial” computation models for observing music expression where the partial model is referecne which aims to only explain what can be explained by a robust set of rules such as the note level. GEN13 — Stores a polynomial whose coefficients derive from the Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind. GEN24 – Reads numeric values from canonival allocated function-table and rescales them.
Tempo and rhythmic analysis are often used to measure expressivity in performance canonicaal to differentiate between peformances. The difference here, is the semaphore instruments do not change the sound or level of expression, but notify the instruments to change their behavior. Words such as interpretation, groove, feel, stretch etc.
GEN20 — Generates functions of different windows. Outputs are returned in the argument.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
On the code level, Csound has opcodes which allow for dynamic changes in tempo and rhythm as output values which can be utilized as control input values for sound producing opcodes. FLslidBnk2Setk — modify the values of a slider bank. GEN31 — Mixes any waveform specified in an existing table. The syntax for vibratowhich is a key component in music expressivity, and available in the Csound Manualis shown below.
Opcodes are often employed in various combinations to produce an output. MixerClear — Resets all channels of a buss to 0. In one sense, the ability of computers, through audio applications, to recreate the broad range capable of human musical expression is an aspired goal. FLlabel FLloadsnap – Loads all snapshots into the memory bank of the current orchestra.
GEN41 — Generates a random list of numerical pairs. Csound Features and Opcodes In one sense, the ability of computers, through audio applications, to recreate the broad range capable of human musical expression is an aspired goal.
GEN05 – Constructs functions from segments of exponential curves. SoundFont2 File Format H. An Alternative Instrument As an alternative example of longevity and maturity in instrument building, consider the input variation available on the computer music canonixal shown below. Envelopes provide help with expression in several important ways. MixerClear moog – An emulation of a mini-Moog synthesizer. SoundFont2 File Format G.