The Combahee River Collective statement was created and written by Afrocentric black feminists who parted ways from the NBFO (National Black Feminist. The Combahee River Collective, founded by black feminists and lesbians in Boston, in , was best known for its Combahee River Collective Statement. The Combahee River Collective Statement. Combahee River Collective (). We are a collective of Black feminists who have been meeting together since.

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That was a big risk for us, a big leap to identify ourselves in something that we knew was going to be widely distributed.

We struggle together with Black men against racism, while we also struggle with Black men about sexism. There is a very low value placed upon Black women’s psyches in this society, which is both racist and sexist. I haven’t the faintest notion what possible revolutionary role white heterosexual men could fulfill, since they are the very embodiment of reactionary-vested-interest-power.

Frazier, Smith, and Smith, who organized the retreats, hoped that they would foster political stimulation and spiritual rejuvenation.

Collective members and contributors include:. Wallace is pessimistic but realistic in her assessment of Black feminists’ position, particularly in her allusion to the nearly classic isolation most of us face. Merely naming the pejorative stereotypes attributed to Black women e.

The reaction of Black men to feminism has been notoriously negative. We reject pedestals, collextive, and walking ten paces behind.

We decided at that time, with the addition of new members, to become a study group. The second retreat was held in November in Franklin Township, New Jerseyand the third and fourth were scheduled for March and July I did not ask for permission to post this; it is a resource I looked for and did not find in my local public library or online.

Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. In her essay “From the Kennedy Commission to the Statemment Collective”, historian and African American Studies professor Duchess Harris states that, in the Boston collective “observed that their vision for social change was more radical than the NBFO”, and as a result, the group chose to strike out on their own as the Combahee River Collective.

The Collective held their last network retreat in February[26] and disbanded some time that year. Combaheee an event to respond to and to collectively organize around comhahee them a cause to focus on After all, it is only reasonable that the man be the head of the house because he is able to defend and protect the development of his home Material resources must be equally distributed among those who create these resources.


The Collective states its basis and active goals as “committed to struggling against racial, sexual, heterosexual and class oppression” and describe their conbahee task as the “development of integrated analysis and practice based upon the fact that the major systems of oppression are interlocking. Black feminists and many more Black women who do not define themselves as feminists have all experienced sexual oppression as a constant factor in our day-to-day existence.

The Combahee River Collective Statement

Articles Feminists Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books Conservative feminisms Countries by women’s average years in school Ecofeminist authors Feminist art critics Feminist economists Feminist philosophers Feminist poets Feminist rhetoricians Jewish feminists Muslim feminists Feminist parties Suffragists and suffragettes Women’s rights activists Women’s studies journals Women’s suffrage organizations.

During the summer those of us who were still meeting had statemdnt the need to do political work and to move beyond consciousness-raising and serving exclusively as an emotional support group. Social Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than coplective.

African-American topics History timeline. They are, of course, even more threatened than Black women by the possibility that Black feminists might organize around our own needs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the fall, when some members returned, we experienced several months of comparative inactivity and internal disagreements which were first conceptualized as a Lesbian-straight split but which were also the result of class collectve political differences.

Combahee River Collective – Wikipedia

This may seem so obvious as to sound simplistic, but it is apparent that no other ostensibly progressive movement has ever consIdered our specific oppression as a priority or worked seriously for the ending of that oppression.

Demita Frazier described the CRC’s beginnings as “not a mix cake”, meaning that the women involved had to create the meaning and purpose of the group “from scratch.

Wells Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell, and thousands upon thousands unknown—who have had a shared awareness of how their sexual identity combined with their racial statemnet to make their whole life situation and the focus of their political struggles unique.

The Collective’s name was suggested by Smith, who owned a book called: As Black women we see Black feminism as the logical political movement to combat the manifold and simultaneous oppressions that all women of color face.

Office of Personnel Management Massachusetts v. Black people, especially Black women; other women colletive color; and white feminists, many of whom were also lesbians. Black Feminist Organizing, —”, Duchess Harris credits the “polyvocal political expressions of the Black feminists in the Combahee Collechive Collective with defin ing the nature of identity politics in the s and s, and challeng ing earlier ‘essentialist’ appeals and doctrines A Promise and a Way of Life: CRC noted that they don’t have the privilege of their white heterosexual male and female counterparts.


Grant believes the CRC was most important in the “emergence of coalition politics in the late s and early s [ We know that there is such a thing as racial-sexual oppression which is neither solely racial nor solely sexual, e. Views Read Edit View history. A combined anti-racist and anti-sexist position drew us together initially, and as we developed politically we addressed ourselves to heterosexism and economic oppression under capItalism.

Combahee River Collective () | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed

The collective came together at a time when many of its members were struggling to define a liberating feminist practice alongside the ascendence of a predominantly white feminist movementand a Black nationalist vision of women deferring to Black male leadership.

We are a collective of Black feminists who have been meeting together since The collective was also politically active around issues of violence against womenin particular the murder of twelve black women and one white woman in Boston in In the case of Black women this is a particularly repugnant, dangerous, threatening, and therefore revolutionary concept because it is obvious from looking at all the political movements that have preceded us that anyone is more worthy of liberation than ourselves.

The collective theorized that the “liberation of all oppressed peoples necessitates the destruction of the political and economic systems of Capitalism and Imperialism as well as Patriarchy.

We exists as women who are Black who are feminists, each stranded for the moment, working independently because there is not yet an environment in this society remotely congenial to our struggle—because, being on the bottom, we would have to do what no one else has done: Currently we are planning to gather together a collectIon of Black feminist writing.

During our years together as a Black feminist collective we have experienced success and defeat, joy and pain, victory and failure. The inclusiveness of our politics makes us concerned with any situation that impinges upon the lives of women, Third World and working people.