Published in English. Pages, ISBN · · OCLC · Compendium Maleficarum is a witch-hunter’s manual written in Latin by Francesco Maria. The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and Behringer, Werner Tschacher. , English, Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer, J. Sprenger, H. Kramer, trans. by Montague Summers. Compendium Maleficarum: The Montague Summers Edition. Front Cover . Materializing Gender in Early Modern English Literature and Culture · Will Fisher.

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Strappado tortureRack tortureand Category: In short, the witch became Satan’s puppet.

There is only one completely reliable way to combat witchcraft, and this is to eliminate the witches, the course of action Institoris and Sprenger endorse in one of the most impassioned passages of the Malleus [ Nonetheless, secrets that are heard at any time by inquisitors should not be revealed to everyone.

Basque Witchcraft and the Spanish Inquisition. The second lays the foundation for the next section by describing the actual forms of witchcraft and its remedies. The treatise often makes references to the Bible and Aristotelian xompendium, and it is heavily influenced by the philosophical tenets of Neoplatonism.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Malsficarum and Privacy Policy. The Malleus elevates sorcery to the criminal status of heresy and prescribes inquisitorial practices for secular courts in order to extirpate witches. The Malleus recommended not only torture but also deception in order to obtain confessions: The ancient subjects of astronomyphilosophyand medicine were being reintroduced to the West at this time, as well as a plethora of ancient texts being rediscovered and studied.

In Latin, the feminine maleficarum would only be used for women, while the masculine maleficorum could be used for men alone or for both sexes if together.

Malleus Maleficarum – Wikipedia

A similar response is offered by the author of the first translation of the Malleus into English Montague Summers. This article about a manuscript is a stub.

The judge must then address to the prisoners the following sentence: Indeed, the chief function of the work was to serve as a centerpiece in demonological theory whose arguments might be expanded and added to by such works as that of Grillandus, as well as a focus for arguments and debates concerning particular points it made, some of the latter reflecting traditional rivalry between religious orders and ecclesiastical schools of theology.

This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat Courier Corporation- History – pages. Cambridge University Press, Broedel, a historian who writes that it is likely that Sprenger’s contribution was minimal, nonetheless says that “Sprenger certainly wrote the Apologia auctoris which prefaces the Malleus and agreed to be a coauthor.


This idea, which dates from the earliest days of Christianity, is expressed engliish forcefully in the Malleus Maleficarumbut it can be found in many places, even in the sceptical demonological treatise of Johann Weyer.

Witches use Malericarum Corpses for the Murder of Men. The title is translated as “The Hammer of Witches”. For example, an attack on some rnglish the central arguments of the Malleus was made by the Francisan Samuel de Cassini in and answered in favour of the Malleus by the Dominican Vincente Dodo in Max Jacob Sprenger ‘s name was added as an author beginning in33 years after the book’s first publication and 24 years after Sprenger’s death; [24] but the veracity of this late addition has been questioned by many historians for various reasons.

Witch Hunts in Europe and America: The Malleus Maleficarum[2] usually translated as the Hammer of Witches[3] [a] is the best known and the most thorough treatise on witchcraft.

Serious discussions of witches’ powers, poisons, crimes, more. Theologians and jurists respected it as one among many informative books; its particular savage misogyny and its obsession with impotence were never fully accepted”, Monter, The Sociology of Jura Witchcraftin The Witchcraft Readerp.

In Kramer’s compenddium, women witches were out to harm all of Christendom. Its appearance triggered no prosecutions in areas where there had been none earlier, and in some cases its claims encountered substantial scepticism for Italy, Paton Malleus Maleficarum 2 volumes.

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Those who did, attributed female witchery to the weakness of body and mind the old medieval explanation and a few to female sexuality. Heinrich Kramer, the text’s demented author, was held up as a typical inquisitor.

Media related to Compendium Maleficarum at Wikimedia Commons. The Malleus urges them to adopt torture, leading questions, the admission of denunciation as valid evidence, and other Inquisitorial practices to achieve swift results. The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca.

His position was in harmony with the scholastic theory at the time.

Jenny Gibbons, a Neo-Pagan and a historian, writes: The Catholic Church played an important role in shaping of debate on demonology, but the discourse was not much affected by the Reformation.

They interact with witches, usually sexually. Then, signatories complain that “Some curates of souls and preachers of the Word of God feel no shame at claiming and affirming in their sermons to the congregation that sorceresses do not exist” [64] and notice that the intention of the authors of the Malleus Maleficarum is not primarily to alleviate this ignorance but rather “toil to exterminate the sorceresses by explaining the appropriate methods of sentencing and punishing them in accordance with the text of the aforementioned Bull and the regulations of the Holy Canons, thereby achieving their extermination”; [64] finally, signatories explain why they are providing their expertise:.


Joseph Hansen, a historian who was appalled by the witch-craze and those who carried it out, proposed that coauthorship by Sprenger was a falsehood presented by Institoris Kramer and that approbation is partially a forgery.

The section offers a step-by-step guide to the conduct of a witch trial, from the method of initiating the process and assembling accusations, to the interrogation including torture of witnesses, and the formal cmpendium of the accused. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe Volume 4. The book claims that it is normal for all witches “to perform filthy carnal acts with demons. Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Salem eenglish trials — Other editions – View all Compendium Maleficarum: Therefore, it is not an endorsement of a specific final text of the Malleus. Quite common until the twelfth century, they went into decline after improved legal procedures reestablished themselves in western Europe at that time. Ankarloo and Clark claim that Kramer’s purpose in writing the book was to explain his own views on witchcraft, systematically refute arguments claiming that witchcraft does not exist, discredit those who expressed skepticism about its reality, claim that those who practiced witchcraft were more often women than men, and to convince magistrates to use Kramer’s recommended procedures for finding and convicting witches.

Thomas Aquinas adapted these views to Christianity, arguing that because woman is less perfect than man, she is but an indirect image of God and an appendix to man.

Wolfgang Behringer argues that Sprenger’s name was only added as an author beginning inthirty-three years after the book was first published and decades after Sprenger’s own death.