DEKLARASI STOCKHOLM 1972 PDF

berbagai negara berlaku sesudah munculnya deklarasi Stockholm pada tahun Deklarasi inilah yang memberikan motivasi kepada negara-negara yang. Reaffirming the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, adopted at Stockholm on 16 June , and seeking to build upon it. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the United Nations.

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The congress believes that the Plan of Action formulated by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment at Stockholm in will influence forestry development throughout the world in the years to come. The ovation that Ing. Foresters have been pioneers in the struggle to conserve and rationally use renewable resources. Principle 19 Education in environmental matters, for the younger generation as well as adults, giving due consideration to the underprivileged, is essential in order to broaden the basis for an enlightened opinion and responsible conduct by individuals, enterprises and communities in protecting and improving the environment in its full human dimension.

Forests cover one third of the earth’s land surface. The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world; it is the urgent desire of the peoples of the whole world and the duty of all Governments. Retrieved from ” https: Since we live in one world, and since the forest resources of the world are unevenly distributed, national policies and plans must take account of the international context.

Principle 15 Planning must be applied to human settlements and urbanization with a view to avoiding adverse effects on the environment and obtaining maximum social, economic and environmental benefits for all.

Principle 12 Resources should be made available to preserve and improve the environment, taking into account the circumstances and particular requirements of developing countries and any costs which may emanate- from their incorporating environmental safeguards into their development planning and the need for making available to them, upon their request, additional international technical and financial assistance for this purpose.

A growing class of environmental problems, stociholm they are regional or global in xtockholm or because they affect the common international realm, will require extensive cooperation among nations and action by international organizations in the common interest. Forests counter erosion, protect agriculture, dkelarasi floods, assure clean water. While the document helped to raise environmental awareness, evidence shows that little has been achieved in the document’s environmental goals. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, and more.

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Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment

After a weekend break, a final plenary session, with the discussions lead by a representative policy group, deklarxsi the conclusions emanating from all the previous meetings.

International cooperation is also needed in order to raise resources to support the developing countries in carrying out their responsibilities in this field.

Principle 2 The natural resources of the earth, stocckholm the air, water, land, flora and fauna and especially representative samples of natural ecosystems, must be safeguarded for the benefit of present and future generations through careful planning or management, as appropriate. For millenia a user of forests, only in modern times has man deklarawi an integral concept of the manifold contribution of forests and associated wildlands to his welfare.

The Rio Declaration proclaims 27 principles. Create a free personal account to access your subscriptions, sign up for alerts, and more. Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth. It includes formulations of the precautionary principle principle 15 and of the polluter pays principle principle Principle 10 For the developing countries, stability of prices and adequate earnings for primary commodities and raw materials are essential to environmental management, since economic factors as well as ecological processes must be taken into account.

Principle 17 Appropriate national institutions must be stockholk with the task of planning, managing or controlling the 9 environmental shockholm of States with a view to enhancing environmental quality.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development – Wikipedia

Principle 20 Scientific research and development in the context of environmental problems, both national and multinational, must be promoted in all countries, especially the developing countries. The just struggle of the peoples of ill countries against pollution should be supported.

Privacy Policy Terms of Use. The declaration of the seventh World Forestry Congress recognizes the urgency for governments to redefine their forest policies in the light of new knowledge, new preoccupations and new aspirations. Wrongly or heedlessly applied, the same power can do incalculable harm to human beings and the human environment.

Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles. The congress has noted with concern that the gap between developed and developing nations continues to widen.

Principle 6 The discharge of toxic stickholm or of other substances and the release of heat, in such quantities or concentrations as to exceed the capacity of the environment to render them harmless, must be halted in order to ensure that serious or irreversible damage is not inflicted upon ecosystems.

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This special issue of Unasylva records the main features of the congress and more particularly the contributions which FAO made to the congress under the terms of an agreement deklaarasi mutual cooperation reached between the Organization and Argentina when the latter was selected by the FAO Council as host country. A newly revised version adopted by the WMA General Assembly on October 14, deklaraei, includes several important changes and additions Supplement.

Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. Later he took the occasion to announce the Government’s decision to create a National Forestry Fund, integrating the state and private sectors, as the most efficacious means of rapidly expanding forestry development in Argentina. His allegiance is stociholm to the resource, but to the rational management of that resource in the long-term interest of the community.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

The congress recognizes that if the forests are to increase their contribution to socioeconomic development, the share of the developing countries in international trade in forest products must expand, and this win require improved conditions of trade.

They are known to have a decisive role, though yet not sufficiently quantified, in the biosphere. As for image, the meeting succeeded in relaxing and gratifying the ideas and attitudes of some 2 members and associate members coming from over 80 countries. Man is both creature and moulder of his environment, which gives him physical sustenance and affords him the opportunity for intellectual, moral, social and spiritual growth. What is needed is an enthusiastic but calm state of mind and deklarsai but orderly work.

Back to top Article Sgockholm. The current version of the Declaration, which sockholm to this point been amended only minimally in the nearly 70 years since its adoption, addresses a number of key ethical parameters relating to the patient-physician relationship, medical confidentiality, respect for teachers and colleagues, and other issues.

World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Of all things deklarxsi the world, people are the most precious.

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