Religious Symbolism and the Ideological. Critique in “El perseguidor” by Julio Cort?zar. El sentido esencial de este cuento existe en funci?n de un sistema de. In , the Argentine writer Julio Cortázar published a short story entitled “El Perseguidor” (“The Pursuer”) that vividly brought to life the bebop scene of s . This study aims to juxtapose two treatments of „time‟ in Julio Cortázar‟s short story, El perseguidor, to better understand how the concept challenges the.

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Johnny tells Bruno that, when he plays the saxophone, he is able to find temporary relief from the stresses of “the mortgage and the religion. Delaunay is from Paris and seems to be a manager or producer of some kind, since he runs things in the studio but does not play an instrument.

Indeed, Bruno seems to understand more about Johnny’s real self than anyone else, which is perhaps why Johnny considers him such a great friend. Although Bruno seems to have less sympathy for the women in Johnny’s life, in many ways they seem to be hunted intensely, since Johnny has a tendency to abandon them once he has successfully caught them. Johnny pursues a new definition and realm of possibility in art, and he pursues his friends as well; in his struggle to jjlio what he is looking for with his prodigious music, he hunts and exposes his friends’ weaknesses.

Without knowing it, and not like he was making great perseguidof from the gallows or writing books denouncing the evils of mankind or playing the piano with the air of someone washing away the sins of the world. Berkeley and Los Angeles: After heavily criticizing Bruno’s references to religion in his biography, Johnny ironically refers to the biography as “the good book,” which is a phrase generally used in reference to the Bible.

The Pursuer

But “The Pursuer” uses a fictional medium to approach the cortazxr jazz musician, and Johnny is presented as a fictional character, so in this sense the story is not strictly biographical fiction, but fiction inspired by real persons and events.

Stanley Kauffman, for example, called the story “outstandingly the worst [in End of the Game, and Other Stories ]: Bruno is a prestigious music critic who julko recently published a very successful biography of Johnny. Then Johnny arrives, in “great shape” with a moderate amount of drugs in his system and optimistic about juilo concert that night.

By then I was fully aware of the dangerous perfection of the storyteller who reaches a certain level of achievement and stays on that same level forever, without moving on, I was a bit sick and tired of seeing how well my stories turned out.


The right answer simply can’t be explained. Taking the final months in the life of the prodigious jazz musician Johnny Carter as juloi subject, the story is in many ways an exploration of the career and personal life of the famous alto saxophonist Charlie Pperseguidor, the most influential musician of the style of jazz music known as bebop. Bruno can feel better about himself and his “prestige” by convincing himself that because Johnny is a black man his “mental age does not permit him to understand” the biography’s profundity.

Tica is both an enabler for Johnny’s drug addictionsince she is the person who most frequently supplies him with heroin, and a sophisticated and generous friend that often saves him in social situations. Many black musicians began to be dissatisfied with the strict forms of big band or “swing” music during the s, however, and bands with a new sound known as “bebop” began to persegudior a reputation because of their radical rhythms and experimental tonality.

Remember me on this computer. Alazraki, Jaime, and Ivar Ivask, eds. However, Johnny is also referred to in terms that associate perseguidoor with hell and the devil.

Cortazar’s short story “The Pursuer” is narrated by jazz critic Bruno V. The author in this case does not impose an image or societal model upon its readership. Indeed, one of the most important “pursuers” is the reader of the story, hunting through the text in order to discover its meaning.

El primero, el dos, el tres, el veintiuno. Davis was, together with Parker, one of the most influential jazz musicians of the bebop era. Although Johnny often disappoints his friends and family, he is also a person who is almost universally perseguior and admired. Other references to spirituality, religion, and god within the story are less direct. During Johnny’s description of the moment when, as he was playing a solo, “time” began to “open out,” he remembers Lan’s red dress, and he also tells Bruno that Lan’s red dress is one of the things Johnny’s biography is “missing.

Perhaps this is one reason Johnny continually loses his saxophone; he desires to be taken not simply for his music but for himself.

Bruno then receives a telegram from Baby Lennox saying that Johnny has died. When Johnny descends into another round of addiction and debauchery, his fellow musicians, patrons, and critics gather round, ostensibly to protect him from himself.


Trudell is a freelance writer with a bachelor’s degree in English literature. He tells Bruno, “I don’t want your God, he’s never been mine.

The Pursuer |

Musicians such as Louis Armstrong soon became extremely popular with both white and black audiences, and by the time the “big band” era peaked in the s, jazz was the mainstream music of the United States. ByFrance had finally lost a costly war in colonial Indochina, and in a rebellion in Algeria by a combination of colonials and militarists effectively toppled the French government, resulting in Charles de Gaulle being called back to power as president of France.

Other ways in which Bruno’s narrative equates Johnny Carter with Jesus Christ include such details as Johnny’s showing Bruno “what a pretty scar I got between my ribs.

Johnny’s suspicions and strife may be lost on his fictional critic, but, in the end, his struggle infects the actual writer who created both musician and critic.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. If not accompanied by reference, other quotes are translated by the author of this paper.

His character is closely based on the famous bebop musician Charlie “Yardbird” Parker, and, like Parker, Johnny is a heroin addict and an alcoholic with severe psychological illnesses.

He describes Johnny as “this angel who’s like my brother, this brother who’s like my angel. Other critics, such as Doris Sommer in her essay “Pursuing a Perfect Present,” discuss the relationship of the critic and the artist as it relates to the story’s innovations in narrative structure: That Bruno regards Johnny’s musical abilities as godlike is further expressed when he struggles to describe the awe-inspiring effect of Johnny’s live performance at a club one night, observing.

Johnny is fascinated by the glimpse of transcendence he gets through his music, and profoundly frustrated by his inability to put it into words. Johnny’s youngest daughter with Lan, Bee dies of pneumonia in Chicago.

What was wrong with the book? Next comes a brief section of Bruno’s thoughts during the intermission of that night’s concert, about Johnny and the music he uses “to explore himself, to bite into the reality that escapes every day.

In the process, he explores a number of different explanations of the phenomenon of Johnny.