The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: With its Continuations. (Medieval Clasics) (Bk. 4) [J.M. Wallace-Hadrill] on *FREE* shipping on. century that he was so called, though Fredegar is an authentic. Prankish name. He left behind him what, in a word, may be called a chronicle; and it is because. The fourth book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: with its continuations / translated from the Latin with introduction and notes by J. M. Wallace-Hadrill.

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How he proposed to subdivide the books is harder to answer. The date and place of origin suggested here for MS Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibliothek, Phillipps in note 4 are both wrong.

But, as with so much else, the abrupt ending of his work prevents any certainty. A section of Hydatius’s own introduction to his chronicle, which was an explicit continuation of that of Jerome, is preserved by Fredegar, but it is incorporated into the text, and is not These are provided in full in the description of the manuscripts, below pp.

Another stub may be seen between ff. The Contents It was a manuscript of the third class, in Krusch’s classification, that supplied some of the contents of the Fredegar compilation for the Historia that was compiled on the authority of Count Childebrand, possibly around the year The manuscript contains a pen drawing of ornate initials and of colored initials, as well as a pen-drawn sketch representing a female saint wearing a triangular cap folio A and two characters holding a phylactery.

Fredegar’s source appears to have lacked the last four books of Gregory’s text and his narrative ends in The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: The story of the Frankish merchant Samo and his rise to become king of the Wends, and their revolt against Avar hegemony have been central to attempts from the eighteenth century onwards to make sense of the emergence of the various Slavic ethnic groups living between the Danube and the Baltic.

The manuscript was created in eastern France. One of these wrote all of ff.

It could be argued that the colophon indicates that the main compositional and editorial activity took place aroundas it implies the wider project of writing frdeegar ‘History and Deeds of the Franks’ was by then fully formed.

That this chronicle is often a virtually unique source for several of the events or even periods it describes does not make it a necessarily reliable one.


Chronicle of Fredegar – World Digital Library

Trampas Jones marked it as to-read Sep 05, Both stop abruptly in the ninth chapter of the final book, while in the middle of the story of the conversion of the wife of the shah of Iran. Hellmann’s case was tacitly accepted by Wilhelm Levison fredevar his revision and updating of Wilhelm Wattenbach’s Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mitellalter. The quires are ruled together, from the outside. In the Fredegar section headings and chapter numbers are written chroicle red, but no colour is used for the sections after f.

So there was no reason for him to regard them as separate works.

The quires were pricked and ruled in complete gatherings best seen with quire VIII of ff. Codices in Quarto Leiden, Perier, rue Saint Jacques, au Bellerophon. These additional sections are referred to as the Continuations. Whether this error was the work of the scribe of this ffedegar or was something he inherited from his lost model can not be determined.

His Spanish accounts tend, not very surprisingly, chroniclw be concerned with royal successions; though Fredegar could pick up interesting incidental details, such as the advanced age of king Chindasuinthwho was said to be ninety at the time of his death. Although no doubt of great social and political importance in frevegar time, both Childebrand and Nibelung have left few traces of themselves in the records of eighth and early ninth century century Francia.

The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: With Its Continuations.

Folio has 26 long lines. Abhinc ab inlustre viro Nibelungo filium ipsius Childebrando itemque comite succedat auctoritas.

The pricks and slits both are used are located about 3mm outside the outer margins. Refresh and try again. This is followed by a version of Fredgear Book II incorporating an expanded account of the Trojan origin of the Franks. The view ultimately taken on this issue may have a direct impact on how much credence is to be given to aspects of its narrative. The phrase in the preface usque regnum Guntchramni decedentem – ‘until the end or decline of the kingdom or reign of Guntramn’ – had been taken by all three of these scholars as meaning ‘the ending of Guntramn’s kingdom’, which they saw as referring to the formal end of an independent realm of Burgundy.


The section of tales with which this part of the compilation ends is followed immediately by the heading praefacio gregorii, and after an abbreviatred version of Gregory of Tours’ own preface there comes a table of contents headed incipit capetolares libri quarti quod est scarpsum de cronica gregorii episcopi toronaci.


While the vellum was originally of a good white colour, it has suffered extensively from staining, though rarely so as to affect legibility. The bishop is referred to by Fredegar as beatissimus, and he is said to have displayed the quality of sanctitas. In a series of often strongly contested debates, based on analysis of often minute indicators in the text, claims have been made for anything between one and four different authors, editors or compilers working on this text at different points in the early to mid seventh century.

Chronicle of Fredegar

As will be seen there are marked differences in structure and contents in the Childebrand-Nibelung Historia vel Gesta Francorum, which will be examined in the second part of this book.

Fredegar did ffredegar share the kind of concerns expressed by Bede in the preface to his Historia Ecclesiastica about the need to guarantee the authenticity of his narrative.

Type of Hcronicle Manuscripts. Particularly notable in the final section of his compilation are the numerous reports of events that occurred beyond the frontiers of Francia. While Alamannia and the Alamans feature fairly frequently, there is only one reference to the Bavarians. This first compiler, whom Krusch called ‘A’, added to these texts a short chronicle of his own, covering the years to Then around the year yet a third contributor, ‘C’, took his two predecessors’ composite work and interpolated various sections of new material into it, principally referring to events that had taken place outside Francia, but also including treatment of some internal events with a more pronouncedly pro-Austrasian character than the had been the case in the cnronicle parts of the work.

His verdict on Erchinoald was given in the past tense and was thus most probably written after the latter’s death, which occured some time between and