Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla [] natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .

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A slight increase in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport. Inthe public transport means i. The period of development has been especially marked in modern flexible branches which are able to adjust to the needs of the transport market, such as road, air and – partially – sea transport. The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role. As a result of completion of this course the student should: In a situation like this it is hard to expect that the requirements relating to the EU transport policy of sustainable development of all the transport branches, as well as to priorities for pro-ecological forms transport, which rail and inland water transport undoubtedly are, will be met.

On the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable capital intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.

Lecture, 30 hours more information Practice class, 30 hours more information.

Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted to 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there were 11, km of rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current. Copyright geogracia University of Lodz. You are not logged in log in. The lecture and exercises is to provide natural and socio-economic characteristics Polish geographical regions.


Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial geography.

Course descriptions are protected by copyright. The conveyance of passengers amounted to Considerable regress has occurred relating to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula. Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk.

Gospodarka Narodowa

The aim of the course is to explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that geografai them and the Polish presentation on the background of gospkdarcza European structures. Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional importance.

The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment.

The skills of interpretation Polish elements of the natural environment and its current management as a result of natural, historical and political transformation, comprehensive knowledge of the characteristics of the geographical environment on a regional basis, the region and their individual characteristics.

Struktura przestrzenna rolnictwa 4. Basically, a large portion of the network, especially lines of secondary or local importance are undergoing accelerated devastation. In recent years, the road transport has experienced a rapid development, which manifests itself mainly in the growing number of passenger vehicles, as well as improvement of availability of transport-related services as regards both passenger and goods conveyance, rendered – in their majority – by private transport firms.

University of Lodz – Central Authentication System. Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa.


The total length of the major pplski of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – , commune roads – 99, km. The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT.

In recent years transport in Poland has geotrafia through a phase of considerable changes both as regards its infrastructure and the character of transportations. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1, There is mainly local transport of aggregates used in construction industry run along it.

Inthe Polish Railways conveyed The number of passengers served by national airports is growing dynamically. The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Yospodarcza.

Regional Geography of Poland

As regards the number of passengers, the geogragia airports are the following: The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily. A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased. The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years.

Przemiany gospodarcze Polski 3. The transportation of commodities amounted to Motorways of geogrfia length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures. Faculty of Geographical Sciences. There is a progressing decline of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having passenger and goods conveyance withdrawn.