Columna vertebral, cervicales. Javier Herrera · Biomecanica. leandrinox · Goniometria. Santiago Naranjo · Geometria WuiChi ZhuNe. COLUMNA CERVICAL INTEGRANTES: Rella Livia Santaella Luis Sarmiento Andreley Schennel Waleska COLUMNA CERVICAL Es el eje. Columna dorsal y lumbar Flexión dorsal: 20° 20° Marcha; Flexión plantar: 50° 10° Marcha; Inversión: 35° 10°; Eversión: 15° 10°. Bibliografía.
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The shape of the human lumbar vertebral canal A forma do canal vertebral lombar humano. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Literature on the anatomy of the human vertebral column characterizes the shape of the lumbar vertebral canal as triangular.
The purpose of the present study was to determine the precise shape of the lumbar vertebral canal. Ten lumbar vertebral columns of adult male cadavers were dissected. Two transverse sections were performed in the third lumbar vertebra. One section was performed at the level of the lower border of the ligamenta flava, and the other section was performed at the level of the pedicles.
The shape of the lumbar vertebral canal at the level of the pedicles tends to be oval or circular, whereas the shape of the lumbar vertebral canal at the level of the lower border of the ligamenta flava is triangular. Thus, the shape of the human lumbar vertebral canal is not exclusively triangular, as reported in the literature. It is related to the level of the transversal section performed on the lumbar vertebra.
This finding should be taken into consideration among factors involved in the spread of solutions introduced into the epidural space. A forma do canal vertebral variou: As placas foram manual e individualmente confeccionadas para cada animal e esterilizadas pelo calor.
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The efficiency ofpolyvinylchioride PVC orthopedic plates, fixed by screws to the vertebral bodies and by cerciage wires to the spinous goniojetria, were tested in twenty dogs with the lumbar spine destabilized at L2-L3. The plates were produced manually and individuatly for each gonoimetria and sterilized by heat. Nevertheless, during the 45 days ofthe study, the technique was consideredefective based on stability, clinicai, neurological, laboratory and radiological results.
Epidemiologia do traumatismo da coluna vertebral. The need for early identification of postural abnormalities without exposing patients to constant radiation has colmuna the development of instruments aiming to measure the spinal curvatures. To verify the validity, repeatability and reproducibility of angular measures of sagittal curvatures of the spine obtained using an adapted arcometer, by comparing them with Cobb angles of the respective curvatures obtained by using X-rays. Two evaluators collected the data using the arcometer, with the goniometrria placed at T1, T12, L1 and L5 spinous processes levels in a way as to permit linear measurements which, with aid of trigonometry, supplied the AA.
Fourteen patients with unstable thoracolumbar spine injuries treated with Hartshill’s instrumentation have been evaluated. Good results were generally achieved using this technique.
Foram medidas a curvatura lombossacra L1S1 e a curvatura lombolombar L1L5. As medidas das curvaturas lombares e dos seus componentes apresentaram grande variabilidade.
The angular value of lumbar lordosis and the role of vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs in its constitution were studied in normal individuals. X-Ray images of lumbar spine were studied in normal and asymptomatic individuals, ages ranging from 18 to 50 years old average The lumbosacral L1S1 and the lumbolumbar L1L5 curves were measured. Measurements for lumbar curves and their components presented a large variation.
Vertebral bodies measurements presented kyphotic values for L1. Determinar si el tipo del entrenamiento del cirujano, experiencia y edad sirve como factores predictivos en la toma de decisiones de cada caso. This paper proposes an anatomical parameter, the pelvic incidence, as the key factor for managing the spinal balance.
There is a close relationship for both normal individuals and those with spinal deformities between the anatomical parameter of pelvic incidence and the sacral slope, which determine lumbar lordosis.
The Cobb angle and the apical vertebral rotation serve as a tool for understanding the three. To assess the osteoinductive action of platelet-rich plasma when associated to ceramics in the spine of rats.
Laminectomy was performed in 16 isogenic Lewis rats for posterior ceramic grafting. PRP was prepared intraoperatively using blood collected from two other rats. Study and control groups were set by randomization, with the study group receiving ceramics associated to PRP, and the control group receiving only ceramics.
The animals were sacrificed for histopathological analysis after 10 weeks.
Strong osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity and full re. Para o levantamento dos dados utilizou-se: To investigate the relationship between excursion of the cerviccal muscle and spinal curvatures in mouth breathing children. A total of 52 children of both sexes, aged from 5 to 12 years, were studied.
After otorhinolaryngological assessment, the children were divided into two groups: All of the children underwent. Full Text Available Primary malignant sarcomas of the spine are extremely rare.
Because of biological heterogeneity, these tumors have variable sensitivity to radiation and chemotherapy. Adequate local control through complete tumor removal is an important therapeutic goal. However, aggressive resection of tumors in the spinal column must be coupled with restoration of spinal column stability and minimization of neural deficits.
The balance of these factors makes treatment of primary sarcomas of the spine challenging, and dictates an individual approach to treatment. We report on a 18 years old man with primary Ewing’s sarcoma of the nonsacral spine. The cervicxl picture and imaging characteristics were analyzed as well as the management modalities and outcome. All occupational accidents CAT reported at a University hospital, from January to Decemberwere analyzed and the characteristics of cevical vertebral column trauma caused by the occupational accidents involving members of the nursing team were investigated.
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These results suggested that the number of accidents reported were below actual estimates and that the nursing auxiliaries were the most affected.
The accidents were mainly caused by falls and during the transport or transfer of patients and. A idade variou entre 15 e 87 anos e incluiu ambos os sexos. To ascertain the advantages of applying artificial neural networks to recognize patterns on lumbar column radiographs in order to aid in the process of diagnosing primary osteoarthritis. This was a cross-sectional descriptive analytical study with a quantitative approach and an emphasis on diagnosis. The training set was composed of images collected between January and July from patients who had.
The increasing use of new techniques and materials for surgical treatment of lower cervical spine conditions has come along with an increasing concern regarding potential complications that might occur.
The transpedicular fixation technique, frequently used in other spine levels, is used on the cervical spine, while providing more stability than other techniques, it may cause serious complications such as vertebral artery injury, nervous root injury, or facet joint injuries. However, the C7 vertebra is considered safer for performing this procedure, since, in the vast majority of. Full Text Available Os autores fizeram um estudo da coluna lombar de humanos, objetivando avaliar e determinar os diferentes tipos de fibras nervosas no disco intervertebral normal e no degenerado.
The authors conducted a study on human lumbar spine, aiming to assess and determine the different kinds of nervous fibers in normal and degenerated intervertebral discs. The pieces were submitted to simple X-ray and magnetic resonance tests.
Subsequently to the tests, discs were divided into normal and degenerated. Then, they were dissected, divided into anterior and posterior according to the region, included in paraffin and an immunohistochemical study with S protein was performed. We describe a head support for spinal surgery that allows the placement of the patient’s head in neutral alignment with the body and monitoring the position of the eyes, mouth, nose and orotracheal tube, preventing damages from poor positioning during surgery.
To compare the amplitude of trunk flexion and extension through goniometry in athletes and non-athletes, relating these data to popliteal angle and ischiotibial tests. The amplitude of trunk flexibility and extension was evaluated in 50 individuals who practiced sports on a regular. A potential contribution of radiology to the forensic activity.
The present study was aimed at evaluating the possibility of a radiological study of the lumbar spine determining the correct identification of an individual despite the changes associated with aging. The study sample included 60 pairs of lumbar spine radiographic images of both male and female, adult patients of different ages, acquired at different times, at three-year minimum intervals.
The pairs of images were mixed up so two experienced radiologists could put them back together. The study describes semiological methods that must be employed in posture and spinal cord evaluation, considering primary health care. Tratamento da instabilidade lombar com parafusos pediculares Treatment of lumbar instability with pedicular screws. The lumbar instability is a common desease in clinical practice. Several authors recommend the use of pedicular screws as a fixation system for posterior arthodesis since they provide better results compared to in situ stabilization.
However, in spite of the numerous papers seen in relevant scientific publications, there are very few references to an eventual disc height goniometira in the instrumented segment. Entre os aspectos abordados por eles, podemos citar: Se sabe que factores psicosociales interfieren en las impresiones del sujeto. Entre los aspectos abarcados por estos, podemos citar: Some individuals submitted to spine surgery will have unfavorable postoperative outcomes, regardless of the success of the technical procedure.
This failure leads to an increase in morbidity and socioeconomic costs. Efeito da acupuntura na dor lombar: Posture is defined as the position taken by humans. Epidemiological data indicate a high prevalence of backbone postural changes among children and adolescents. The methodology used was a simetrograf and a camera for the gkniometria of deviations in cerviccal spine. We used a water level and a ruler to measure the spinal deformity, a plumb line and a ruler cervicap measure the lateral deviation of the spine.
Of the obtained results it was found a prevalence of 8. However, there was no influence of weight, height and body mass index BMI for the prevalence of scoliosis.
Thus, through this goniometris, it was stated the high prevalence of postural deviations in schoolchildren. The assessment of the fatigue and the endurance of these muscles is important, once it has been reported that individuals with low back pain develop a deficit in physical conditioning which influences on trunk strength and function.
Moreover, the relationship between back muscles fatigue and trunk forward flexion is still unclear. The aims of this study were to compare fatigue between individuals with and without low back pain and to correlate the muscles fatigue with the angle of trunk forward flexion. The low back pain group consisted of ten low back pain subjects. The control group was composed by ten subjects. To assess clumna back muscles fatigue and to determine the demographic goniomettia associated to fatigue on these muscles.
Multiple regression procedures were performed in order to verify the demographic variables related with the muscle fatigue. The typical clinical picture includes initial lumbalgia, followed by progressive sciatica.