Definition – a theory which countered Mackinder’s Heartland theory. Spyman stated that Eurasia’s rimland, the coastal areas, is the key to. Maikinder was quick to revise his Heartland theory. He suggested that there are two Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. American geopolitician Admirai Mahan, was a theory of positional su, premacy. the other hand, “heartland” and “rimland” are exceedingly handy and attractive.

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The Marginal Crescent was termed as the Rimland, symbolising the sea power. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. However, an arms race was triggered off by this act between the 2 blocs.

Geostrategy: The Heartland and Rimland Theories

Until then, sea power retained a major edge on mobility, giving maritime empires much greater relative power than continental states. Moreover, the region has enormous natural resources, which is essential for the growth of the a politico-economic power.

Both of scholars, mentioned above, agree that not only heartland plays and important role in ruling over the specified territory but they can contribute in ruling over the whole world. The first one is pretty much cleared in his sayings that, if we control well our inner crescent i.

It was represented by Spykman in Newer Post Older Post Home. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The domino theory which suggested the USSR trying to extend its communism in the peripheral parts. As heartland deals with inner crescent and other with sea power and former had been and is being practically implemented by the rkmland ruling countries like USA and China.


Neither Heartland nor Rimland theory has modern application because they neglects: As we are living in Neo-colonialism era, so it is important for a state to have a strong naval power to make its presence all around the world to gain maximum goals. According to Mackinder, control of the superior resources of the Heartland could enable a state to conquer the rest of the World-Island i. He criticized Mackinder for overrating the Heartland as being of immense strategic importance due to its vast size, central geographical location and supremacy of land power rather than sea power.

The Rimland is a concept championed by Nicholas John Spykmanprofessor of international relations at Yale University. The Heartland, or the Pivot Area, is the area of central Eurasia roughly analogous to the Russian Empire and Soviet Union except for its far eastern section. The Rimland’s defining characteristic is that it is an intermediate region, lying between the heartland and the marginal sea powers.

Rimland – Wikipedia

The heartland theory or Rimland determines the military role in inner crescent as well as on outer crescent capability of a military working on lands.

It can control the supply line of a state and can also make its influence on those countries which are far away from its territory. To him geopolitics is the planning of the security policy of a country in terms of its geographical factors. Hence, we may say that one country make rule over the world through it naval power and it can gain its maximum goals by making its maritime powerful and capable to achieve its targets.

We have seen this in case of Germany and Russia. But as the states within the Rimland had varying degree of independence, and a variety of castes, races, and culture, it did not come under the control of any single power.


His thesis was based don the data available prior to Together these three interlinked continents are the largest, most populous, and most resource-rich region on earth. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Miscalculation regarding power potential and area He wrongly equated power potential with sheer geographical area, a factor which made him to inflate the resources and power of the inner Heartland.

Political Models – Mrs.

Mahan is clearer than Mackinder and Spykman as his theory has been practically implement by those countries who have ruled over the world in different time and centuries.

Anyhow, sea power is more effective than heartland as it is more effective in case to rule over the world and to make an impact on far away regions like Africa, Asia and America. The outer crescent had no role in the world geopolitics. They invaded the coastal rims. We have witnessed that Mahan’s theory was adopted by the different giants and it expanded their territory.

Germany was deprived to make its influence on different countries of the world due to not having naval capability but countries like France, Spain, Portugal and Britain moved forward due to their naval power.