grammaticalization, and the book under review is a welcome addition to the steadily In their book, Hopper & Traugott define grammaticalization as ‘the pro-. Traugott ; Hopper & Traugott []), is a basic type of change that may lead to Claims about “constructions” and grammaticalization in earlier work. Grammaticalization: Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, second ed., [], xx +.

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Semantic bleaching, or desemanticization, has been seen from early on as a characteristic of grammaticalization.

Some linguists trace erosion to the speaker’s tendency to follow the principle of least effort, while others think that erosion is a sign of changes grammaticalizatino place. Particular attention is paid to recent debates over directionality in change and the role of grammaticalization in creolization.

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Hopper P., Traugott E.C. Grammaticalization

The studying and documentation of recurrent clines enable linguists to form general laws of grammaticalization and language change in general. Some linguists, like Heine and Grammaticalizatioj, stress the fact that even though obligatorification can be seen as an important process, it is not necessary for grammaticalization to take place, and it also occurs in other types of language change.

The last decade has seen a rise in popularity in construction-based approaches to grammar. HopperElizabeth Closs Traugott. Some recent trends in grammaticalization PJ Hopper Annual review of anthropology 25 1, As Jespersen put it.

Paul J. Hopper – Google Scholar Citations

grammaticalizatjon From describing a narrow set of ideas, it comes to describe an ever broader range of them, and eventually may lose its meaning altogether”.


One language, two grammars? In comparison to various instances of grammaticalization, there are relatively few counterexamples to the unidirectionality hypothesis, and they often seem to require special circumstances to occur.

An example is the phrase to up the ante, which incorporates the preposition grammzticalization a function word in a verb a content word but without up becoming a verb outside of this lexical item. The following articles are merged in Scholar.

This example also illustrates that semantic bleaching of a form in its grammaticalized morphemic role does not necessarily imply bleaching of its lexical source, and that the two can separate neatly in spite of maintaining identical phonological form: Selected pages Title Page. This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions.

The overall scope of this work is to provide an account of tense from the viewpoint of language universals and linguistic typology, that is, to establish the range of variation that is found across languages in tense, and what the limits are to that variation.


Grammaticalization is a process leading from lexemes to grammatical formatives. Humboldt, for instance, came up with the idea of evolutionary language.

Expanding the Definition of Grammaticalization. Heine writes that “once a lexeme is conventionalized as a grammatical markerit tends to undergo erosion; that is, the phonological substance is likely to be reduced in some way and to become more dependent on surrounding phonetic material”. Meillet’s definition was “the attribution of grammatical character to an erstwhile autonomous word”.


An introductory essay for the volume PJ Hopper Tense-aspect: HopperElizabeth Closs Traugott Limited preview – Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure 45, 27 Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 13, Aspect between discourse and grammar: It can be described as the loss of semantic content.

Hopper is Thomas S. Trautott Modern Englishthis form is even shortened to ‘ll and no longer necessarily implies intention, but often is simply a mark of future tense see shall and will.

It was not until the s, with the growth of interest in discourse analysis and linguistic universalsthat the interest for grammaticalization in linguistic studies began to grow again. Some concepts are often grammaticalized, while others, such as evidentialitynot so much.

Grammaticalization – Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott – Google Books

Linguists have come up with different interpretation of the term ‘grammaticalization’, and there are many alternatives to the definition given in the introduction. In both languages, – mente in this usage is interpretable by today’s native speakers only as a morpheme signaling ‘adverb’ and it has undergone no phonological erosion from the Latin source, mente.

Grammatical constructions and their discourse origins: Pratt,Grammaticalization co-authored with Paul J. Account Options Sign in. These shifts generally follow similar patterns in different languages.