The Theology of Arithmetic. On the Mystical, Mathematical and Cosmological Symbolism of the First Ten Numbers. Attributed to Iamblichus. The Theology of Arithmetic: On the Mystical, Mathematical and Cosmological Symbolism of the First Ten Numbers. Front Cover. Iamblichus. Phanes Press, Jan 1. The theology of arithmetic: on the mystical, mathematical and cosmological symbolism of the first ten numbers. Front Cover. Iamblichus. Phanes Press, .

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The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus 2nd edition. But I think that such speculation, provided it is not too extravagant, can afford personal insights, at any rate, into what the Pythagorean tradition was concerned with. Before proceeding further, we will do well to observe gheology we are allocating numbers to each of the ‘dots’ of the pure Tetraktys model figure 1 ; we are accordingly already moving into symbolic repre- 14 FOREWORD sentation.

For the triad is the source in actuality of number, which is by definition a system a monads. Moreover, there are also this many so-called ninety-degree divisions of the zodiac, the points at which by means of the ecliptic there is contact with the four zodiacal signs in which the summer and winter solstices and the two equinoxes occur, which form a cross by being diametrically opposed.

Iamblichus – The theology of arithmetic

Given that Aetius’ ultimate source is Theophrastus, who wrote in the fourth century B. Just so, the monad, which contrived by harmonizing the opposition of the sequences of squares and oblong numbers.

This fact the Pythagoreans, employing mathematical arguments and diagrams, used to deduce by means of considerations such as the following: It would have been obvious because it stems from Plato, whose authority was revered. Hence Megillus too praises the pentad in his On Numbers, and says [35]: Hence we use the triad also for the manifestation of plurality, and say ‘thrice ten thousand’ when we mean theo,ogy times many,’ and ‘thrice blessed.

Thirteen, which is the number of the occurrences of lunar cycles in a single year, as well as the number of closest-packed spheres around their nuclear sphere, is followed by the very special number nineteen, which is not only the magic number of years it takes for the sun and moon to be in the same relationship, but is also a sacred FOREWORD 21 number for both the Holy Qu’ran and the Christian Gospels.

Equality is “what is being sought”: In its arighmetic, everything is equal — area, angles, sides.

No trivia or quizzes yet. The triad is called ‘prudence’ and ‘wisdom’ — that is, when people act correctly as regards the present, look ahead to the future, and gain experience from what has already happened in the past: The ten heavenly spheres in the Pythagorean system are: Presumably a alpha is the ‘mark which signifies the monad’ see next note.

We leam from Plato that ‘soul’ embraces both the mean propor- tionals as well as the uniting principle of opposites Timaeus 31c, 35a-b. Now, to check that this allocation is valid, we have the symmet- rical diagonals following down the other way and multiplying by 2.


Gang of rated it really liked it Nov 17, And, at a general survey, there are five types of parts which are visible on the surface of the body — head, arms, trunk, genitals and legs. Moreover, the hebdomad consisting of the three dimensions length, breadth and depth and the four limits point, line, surface and solid reveals corporeality.

The study and use of gematria by Jewish Kabbalists is relatively well known; more often forgotten is the fact that even such seminal Christian writers as John of Ruysbroeck were perfectly prepared to see numbers as authoritative symbols and paradigms of divine principles. For seven days the embryo resembles a membranaceous, water- bearing kind of thing, as the physician Hippocrates agrees, when he And it can be described as productive of infinity, since the first manifestation of length is in the dyad, based on the monad as a point, and length is both infinitely divisible and infinitely exten- sible.

The first quote is perhaps from a variant of Iliad 3. As defined by Heron, however, a mathematical gnomon is that which when added to any figure or number makes the result similar to the original to which it was added; and the decad does this see pp.

Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. The triad is the first plurality: Children cut their teeth at seven months, and at twice seven sit up and gain an unswaying posture, and at three times seven they begin to articulate speech and make their first efforts at talking, and at four times seven they stand without falling over and try to walk, and at five times seven they are naturally weaned and milk ceases to be their food.

ON THE HEXAD 79 subsists as the basis of all the concords, since it occupies the place of the lowest string of the tetrachord, and from it as base all the intervals are mapped out. Even if Plato himself did not suggest the lambda form in the Timaeus, yet because the convention of triangular numbering and the image of the Tetraktys in four lines of dots were completely familiar to the Pythagoreans of the day, it would be inevitable that they would make the comparison.

The portions of the Greeks settled on to the fertile earth, While those of the Trojans rose up towards the broad sky. Symbolism of numbers — Early works to A square whose area is 16 has four sides each 4 in length: And Plato says that the first is the figure of fire, the second of air, the third of water, the fourth of earth, and the fifth of the universe.

It is not until the first century A.

That is, the equality shared by the area and the sum of the sides see previous note. The paragraph is a bit muddled, and perhaps the last section should follow straight on from the first.

Since this paragraph writhmetic straight into the psychogony of the next, it is relevant to refer to Adam for the relation of the Pythagorean triangle to psychogony and arithnetic viability of embryos. The relevant tenets of Greek embryology are that the father gives thellogy, the mother matter, ON THE MONAD 39 If the potential of every number is in the monad, then the monad would be intelligible number in the theolgy sense, since it is not yet manifesting anything actual, but everything is conceptually to- gether in it.


Thus, “” might be a restaurant in the French countryside that specializes in dishes seasoned with tarragon, while “” is an aging trailer park with metalized domiciles bleaching under a fierce Arizona sun.

Mathematics is the most abstract language known to mankind ; 1 to base a theology upon it is to attempt to describe the abstract laws, as distinct from their appli- cations, which govern God’s universe. It was especially strong over the Neoplatonists, but the early Neopythagoreans also paved the way for Greek arithmology to enter the Jewish tradition via the works of Philo of Alexandria, and the Christian tradition via the works of Clement of Alexandria.

Professor John Dillon, Dr. While this book has historically been attributed to Iamblichus, it isn’t certain who the author, or rather, compiler, was. The dyad could be seen as oblong if, as it were, a linear array of dots were seen not only to have length, but also breadth: These numbers are the points arifhmetic space that define the solidity of the regular figures. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. It is not just hte our author liberally quotes aeithmetic Nicomachus and Anatolius, nor that much of what our treatise says can be found here and there in other books.

The Theology of Arithmetic by Iamblichus of Chalcis

And astronomy — the science of the heavenly spheres — falls under the tetrad, because of all solids the most perfect and the one which particularly embraces the rest by nature, and is outstanding in thousands of other respects, is the sphere, which is a body consisting of four things — center, diameter, circumference and area i. Starting with the monad and making a sequence by doubling, seven numbers yield 64, the first square which is also a cube: Since the nature of the number 6 is in a sense crucial for the generation and formation of soul, then what Plato says will be iamblicuus helpful, as follows: The nine, which is the last archetypal number before returning to the unity of the decad or ten, begins the row of the four lowest positions.

On the Triad The triad has a special beauty and fairness beyond all numbers, primarily because it is arithetic very first to make actual the potentiali- ties of the monad — oddness, perfection, proportionality, unifica- tion, limit.