Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology [ Jacques Monod, Austryn Wainhouse] on *FREE* shipping on. Monod, Jacques. Chance and Necessity: An. Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern. Biology (Vintage Books, New York ). pp. Jacques Monod ( – ) was a French biologist who was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in for his discoveries in.
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Chance and Necessity by Jacques Monod
Computability, Consciousness, and Algorithms. He proposes an intriguing ‘ethic of knowledge’ as a solution, but unfortunately his sketch of this ethic is all too brief, given the profound weight it would have to carry.
In doing this he engages with philosophical doctrines he thinks are misguided and proposes a doctrine of his own. The author next turns his attention to the central nervous system.
Science Logic and Mathematics. Monod makes the point that selection of a mutation is due to the environmental surroundings of the organism chande the teleonomic performances. Unfortunately, this tribal tendency might be deeply embedded in our species as one of those innate structures that Monod elsewhere indicates might be present, making it fairly immune to cognitive regulation.
Monod’s interest in the lac operon originated from his doctoral dissertation, for which he studied the growth of bacteria in culture media containing two sugars. Through a series of thought experiments and rhetorical questions, he leads the reader on a difficult path to three characteristics of living beings.
The author then spends some time developing the fact that the preceding sequence of amino acids hads no bearing on what the next amino acid will be. In the last portion of the book Monod gives some highly speculative musing on the birth of human culture and language, and then gives a hard look at the harsh tension between objective knowledge and religious-humanistic ethics and values. In chapter two “Vitalisms and Animisms” Monod states that invariance must have preceded teleonomy, a conclusion reached by the Darwinian idea that teleonomic structures are due to variations in structures that already had the property of invariance and could therefore preserve the effects of chance mutations.
It is chancw known that repressor bound to the operator physically blocks RNA polymerase from binding to the promoter, the site where transcription of the adjacent genes begins. Monod first brings up allosteric enzymes, which are capable of recognizing compounds other than a substrate whose association with the enzyme protein has a modifying effect of heightening or inhibiting the enzyme activity with respect to the substrate.
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I have no hope of remembering the details of this book. Very much the slim volume that made me fascinated with evolutionary biology.
The third chapter is named ” Maxwell’s Demons “. Monod offre uno sguardo nuovo e fresco su alcune questioni basilari della biologia, riuscendo insegnare qualcosa anche agli esperti del settore e svelando, quindi, una profonda conoscenza e passione per la materia.
Chance and Necessity
He argues that objective scientific knowledge, the only reliable knowledge, denies the concepts of destiny or evolutionary purpose that underlie traditional philosophies.
Immediately after this, however, in the final sentences of the book, the more fundamental conclusion of Chance and Necessity is reiterated. Preface Of strange objects Vitalisms and animisms Monood demons Microscopic cybernetics Molecular ontogenesis Invariance and perturbations Evolution The frontiers The kingdom and the darkness Appendixes Evolutionary Biology in Philosophy of Biology.
A chapter on evolution is focused towards understanding human evolution and the development of characteristic human features such as language. The accidental random chance of these mutations and that these unpredictable mutations alone that are the source of evolution is pointed out and exemplified.
Chance and Necessity (Jacques Monod) – book review
Sep 17, Miguel Teles rated it really liked it Shelves: As an Existentialist sermon, I have never seen it done better. We are the initiators of action in the environment that the environment in turn acts upon and both result in our transformation as a species and as individuals.
Cooperative and antagonistic interactions of ligands are indirect: He contends that the persistence of those concepts is responsible for the intensifying schizophrenia of a world that accepts, and lives by, the fruits of science while refusing to face its moral implications. The last general property Monod offers up as distinguishing living organisms is reproductive invariance which is the ability of a living being to reproduce and transmit the information corresponding to their own highly ordered structure.
Study of the control of expression of genes in the lac operon provided the first example of a transcriptional regulation system. No trivia or quizzes yet.
From the French Resistance to the Nobel Prize. The ancient covenant is in pieces; man knows at last that he is alone in the universe’s unfeeling immensity, out of which he emerged only by chance. This view does not negate the dialectic. It seems his necezsity is more interesting than this book. You can help by adding to it. A classic meditation on evolution and the idea of randomness in natural selection.