In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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This page was last edited on 27 Septemberat For example, Jayaswal has wrongly translated the word “amantra” in a Ramayana verse as “to offer advice”; it actually means “to bid farewell” in proper context. The Matsyas had not much political importance of their own during the time of Buddha.

The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. The country of the Surasenas lay to the east of Matsya and west of Yamuna. Part of a series on the.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

In mahajabapadas Vedic samhitasthe term jana denotes a tribe, whose members believed in a shared ancestry.

Initially king Udayana was opposed to Buddhismbut later became a follower of Buddha and made Buddhism the state religion.

King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis and Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi kingdom. The Voice of Anga Anx.

Udayana’s mother, Queen Mrigavatiis notable for being one of the earliest known female rulers in Indian history. The Kambojans and Gandharans, however, never came into direct contact with the Magadhan state until Chandragupta and Kautiliya arose on the scene. The anx of a kingdom was called a rajan or king. The alluvial plains of this region and its proximity to the copper and iron rich areas of Bihar and Jharkhand helped the kingdom to develop good quality weapons and support the agrarian economy.


Being a Translation of the Chapters There was no border security for a kingdom and border disputes were very rare. Palaeolithic 2,—, BC Madrasian Culture. The 6th—5th century BCE is often regarded as a major turning point in early Indian history; it saw the emergence of India’s first large cities after the demise of the Indus Valley Civilizationas well as the rise of sramana movements including Buddhism and Jainism which challenged the religious orthodoxy of the Vedic Period.

Aitareya Brahmana locates the Kurus in Madhyadesha and also refers to the Uttarakurus as living beyond the Himalayas. Modern The Great Rebellionc.

The Vatsas or Vamsas are called to be a branch of mhaajanapadas Kurus. Early modern period — Mughal Empire.

Two of them were most probably ganatantras republics and others had forms of monarchy. Ancient India, from the earliest times to the first century, A.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

The country of the Kurus roughly corresponded to the modern Thanesar mahaajnapadas, state of Delhiand Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. The location of the capital city, Suktimatihas not been established with certainty.

The Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata mentions around janapadas, while the Ramayana mentions only a few of these. The Chedis, Chetis or Chetyas had two distinct settlements of which one was in the mountains jajapadas Nepal and the other in Bundelkhand near Kausambi. This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat The Jataka also gives another name Chandahara for Gandhara. Madrasian Culture Soanianc. Hittite pedan”place”. Historian Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri and F.

Lectures on the Ancient History janapaads India from – B.

The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas. Several jataka tales bear witness to the superiority of its capital over other cities in India and speak highly of its prosperity and opulence.


Janapada – Wikipedia

Bronze Age — BC. Apart from the main city or capital, where the palace of the ruling king was situated, there were small towns and villages spread throughout the kingdom, from which tax was collected by officers appointed by the king.

Iron Age — BC. Taksashila and Pushkalavatithe two cities of this Mahajanapada, are said to have been named after Taksa and Pushkara, the two sons of Bharataa prince of Ayodhya.

Kalika at the end of Janapdas. A military campaign and tribute collection was often associated with a great sacrifice like Rajasuya or Ashvamedha conducted in the mahajqnapadas of the campaigning king. List of Rigvedic tribes. Various kula s clans developed within the jana, each with its own chief.

Periods of Sri Lanka Prehistory. According to Vayu Purana II. The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions were annexed to the Magadhan empire. Chalcolithic — BC Anarta tradition.

Crisis of the Sixteenth Century. Mahajanapdas historians have also theorized that there was a common assembly called the “Paura-Janapada”, but others such as Ram Sharan Sharma disagree jahapadas this theory.

It roughly corresponded to modern Budaun, Farrukhabad and the adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh. It had the river Ganges for its southern, the river Gandak Narayani for its eastern, and the Himalaya mountains for its northern boundary.

Kosala was ultimately merged into Magadha ane Vidudabha was Kosala’s ruler.