JOMINY HARDENABILITY TEST. Objective. To study hardness as a function of quench rate and investigate the hardenability of steels. Introduction. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a. The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth.

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It is then carefully and quickly moved to the quenching machine and positioned above a water jet. Slower cooling rates occur at the core of larger components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface. The effect of boron is also independent of the amount of boron, provided sufficient is added, and the effect of boron is greatest at lower carbon contents. For example, any video clips and answers to questions are missing. Hardenabioity, you have three steels.

The data is shown as Vickers and Rockwell hardness.

Jominy served as president of ASM in These include alloying elements and grain size. The depth from the harfenability end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. The unit of hardenability is length. Boron has a uardenability strong affinity for oxygen and nitrogen, with which it forms compounds. A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. The furnace used to heat the steel into the austenite phase field.


The hardenability of a ferrous alloy is measured by a Jominy test: James Marrow and Dave Hudson.

The recorded hardness depends on the indentation load and the width of the square indentation made by the diamond. The steel jomint is normalised to eliminate differences in microstructure due to previous forging, and then austenitised. Increasing the austenite grain size therefore decreases the available nucleation sites, which retards the rate of the phase transformation.

The most commonly used elements are Cr, Mo and Mn. Structure of En 8 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar. Click on the circled data points to see how the microstructure varies with distance from the quenched end. Carbon controls the hardness of the martensite.

Manufacturing Engineering and Technology. Three low alloy steels, which differ only in their carbon content 0.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The cooling rate will be highest at the end being quenched, and will decrease as distance from the end increases. The Jominy end-quench test was invented by Walter E. In the example here, the surface will be transformed to martensite, but the core will have a bainitic structure with some martensite. Retrieved 9 December Two specimens of a low alloy steel with 0. The Rockwell hardness of a metal can also be determined using a similar technique. harfenability


The Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA. The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel. Here a specimen is in place. However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility. The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth to which a material is hardened after putting it through a heat treatment process.

High hardenability allows slower quenches to be used e. This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although hatdenability microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high.


For example, the cooling rate at a distance of 9. Substances like brine and water cool the steel much more quickly than oil or air. It is not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the hxrdenability obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure.