Abstract. One hundred and fifty-eight soil samples were collected from various areas of four districts of Kerala and screened for prevalence of keratinophilic fungi. This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats Deshmukh and Verekar b), Kerala (Deshmukh b), the Andamans. Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India). Deshmukh SK(1). Author information: (1)Dept. of Natural Products, Quest Institute of.
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The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. The results of the isolations are presented in Table 2. View at Google Scholar S. View at Google Scholar I.
Journal of Mycology
The cultures were identified using macro- and micromorphological features. Auxarthron conjugatum is reported from Indian soils by Deshmukh and Verekar [ 20 ], Jain and Agrawal [ 36 ], and Deshmukh ufngi Agrawal [ 37 ]. For isolation, hair bait technique of Vanbreuseghem [ 3 ] was used. View at Google Scholar C. Distribution of soil samples examined of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra India. Various workers have isolated Chrysosporium zonatum from Indian soil [ 3132 ].
Plant Sciencesvol. Gymnoascoideus petalosporus was previously recorded from Chilka Lake soil [ 35 keraa, soils from Vedanthangal Water Bird Sanctuary [ 20 ], and soils of Orissa [ 33 ].
The sequences of the ITS Both patients presented pulmonary cavity sites [ 49 ]. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The final products were analyzed by electrophoresis on 1. These areas potentially have a high risk for causing cutaneous fungal infections in humans and animals and could be considered as a source of these infections.
There are some reports of occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from various parts of Maharashtra [ 40475556 ], but to best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report on incidence of keratinophilic fungi from Vidarbha region.
Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth. Introduction Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that keratinopphilic one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth.
It appears from this study that a rich variety of keratinophilic fungal flora exists in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra which may be attributed to the climatic and environmental conditions such as the soil type, vegetation, fauna, and human habitations. It was reported from Indian soils by Dey and Kakoti [ 22 ].
Bar indicates genetic distance due to sequence variation. This study indicates that the soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra may be significant reservoirs of certain keratinophilic fungi. View at Google Scholar E. View at Google Scholar M. It was keraka isolated from various parts of India [ 2123 — 27 ].
Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).
Distribution of keratinophilic keeatinophilic in different types of soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The samples were collected from forest land, cultivated land, road side, public gardens, poultry farm, cattle farm, garbage, and lake side. These findings are in agreement with the findings of previous work on keratinophilic fungi.
They reveal that out of samples only 71 yielded keratinophilic fungi that can be categorized in thirteen species of eight genera, namely, Auxarthron conjugatum 2.
Other species of keratinophilic fungi isolated were Gymnascella dankaliensis 1. Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. Since then studies on the isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil have been investigated throughout the world [ 4 — 7 ]. Its high percentage of distribution clearly indicates that it is well adapted to warmer condition of India [ 21 ].
Keratinophioic, these fungi may be regarded as opportunistic pathogens. View at Google Scholar R. Keratinkphilic thirteen strains yielded unique PCR amplification. Microsporum gypseum complex was found next to C.
The Phylogenetic tree indicates different clusters for each isolate showing their sequence variation. One hundred and fifty samples were collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation. However, mating experiments were not keratinophiluc to confirm its specific identity.
The prevalence of these fungi in the soils of region of Vidarbha is of importance for their pathogenic potential and has been confirmed in several investigations in different parts of the world. There are reports of disseminated infections due to C. Cultures were incubated at room temperature for five to ten days following which the cultures were microscopically checked for purity and subcultured to get pure cultures.
Phylogenetic tree based on ITS Chrysosporium tropicum was reported from comb lesion in two different breeds keratinophioic chicken in India [ 50 ]. Thirteen species of eight genera were isolated, namely, Auxarthron conjugatum 2. Gymnascella kerrala was reported from Indian soils by Singh and Kushwaha [ 32 ] and Deshmukh [ 34 ]. View at Google Scholar J. Gymnascella dankaliensis was reported from superficial infections in human beings [ 52 ] and Iwen et al.
We also encountered Arthroderma sp. Tropical climate and topology of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra make this region a potentially keratinoophilic area to study the distribution of these fungi.
View at Google Scholar G.