What can one man accomplish, even a great man and brilliant scientist? Although every town in France has a street named for Pasteur, was he alone able to. Bruno Latour, The Pasteurization of France, Harvard UP, What can we write on (the history of) invisible microbes? Maybe we can write on. BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law.
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No one can deny latojr in this stock was extremely limited. But because they acted in every direction, their views remained in dispute and were little obeyed. With the Pasteurian innovation, there left nothing untouched by its impact. To create irreversibihty and to rid themselves forever of the microbe, they must not abandon the building of drains on the way or even suspend vaccination for a time.
Indeed, it is almost impossible to discern a “pure” hygienist movement completely separate from the expression given it by the Pasteurians. Irreduction of The Sciences.
This patriotism and bacterio- centrism are honorable enough, but they contradict the whole of the Strong Microbes and Pasteurkzation Hygienists 25 article. Gibert recounts how the sick ppasteurization, a friend of the sailor who died at Katour, has his linen washed by his sister: The environment was of course important, but they will never be strong enough to control it entirely.
Was it possible to define in advance, negatively, that excess of force which, retrospectively, hygiene seemed to lack? But in pasteuriztion reading, translation is about interests and intentions. Behind the success of Pasteurism and hygienist movement, there was the Pasteurian strategy which consists of three phases: They are all cre- ating — this is the important point — new sources of power and new sources of legitimacy, which are irreducible to those that hitherto coded the so-called political space.
The network of gestures and skills that the hygienists wanted to set up had to be as continuous as an oil pipeline. We must begin with this uncertainty if we are to understand how, Httle by Uttle, the agents defined one another, summoning other agents and attributing to them intentions and strategies. But if someone catches on at once, takes over what we have said, and immediately generalizes pasteurizztion, expands it, and applies it to other things than those we originally had in mind, then we must attribute a greater efficacy to the person who has understood than to the one who has been understood.
Bruno Latour The Pasteurization Of France ( 1993)
Introduction 5 called anthrax. The Pasteurization of France by Bruno Latour.
To this end we have created, in a single movement, politics on one side and science or technoscience on the other Shapin and Schaffer: The Pasteurian, of course, the revealer of microbes. This is proved by the fact that Koch or the doctors of the Concours Medical opened up controversies on the very same objects, which seemed to the hygienists to be irreversibly closed. All Pasteur had to do was to make this indisputable, and the surgeons themselves would “apply” it, that is, do the rest.
This is why they threw themselves with such enthusiasm on “Pasteur” and always said that “his principles were so strongly established that they could never be overthrown.
Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 39 make room for the revealer of microbes.
What interests them is whether they can be enslaved and what new forces can be created with these strange allies. It is the operation of these forces, in combination with the talent of Pasteur, that Bruno Latour sets before us as a prime example of science in action. No officer had received any marching orders. It was already becoming more difficult to reverse them. Bacteriology was indeed present in the exhibition, in an interesting way.
This is the same problem that each actor has to confront. Pasteur is seen, at least at the beginning, only as the occasion of a development for which the surgeons them- selves were responsible. Indeed, all opinions speak with the same voice, and everybody works together to attack the micropar- asites: Be the first to ask a question about The Pasteurization of France.
The achievements were piling up. At the cost of accepting microbiology, the sup- port of its laboratories, and even the continual praise of the “great Pasteur,” they advanced their cause more quickly and strengthened their positions everywhere by weakening their adversaries, whether microparasites or public authorities. We do not have to decide for outselves what makes up our world, who are the agents “really” acting in it, or what is the quality of the proofs they impose upon one another.
It is also the hygienist movement that galvanized people’s energies, found the money, and offered those who served it troops, goals, problems, and energy.
The Pasteurization of France — Bruno Latour | Harvard University Press
If we find it easy enough to deal with the Russian campaign in terms of sociology or economics, why are we so reluctant to apply sociology to Pasteurian bacteriology? Microbes are everywhere third parties in all relations, say the Pas- teurians. Though they seem to have no direct relations with each other at a glance, two wars have something in common and they meet at a certain point. It was simpler to wash their hands in a carbolic lotion after each childbirth Bouchardat: Fortunately, Coleman has made an excellent study of the period pasteuriaation preceding mine.
Those who reject social studies of science reject it because they believe it is pastekrization and is ignorant of science. There is no boundary between science and society 3.