O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
Furthermore, the study of Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators.
According to Kern apud Meijering, Kern and Tobi,one tool that has often been used to influence national and international political discussions is the European green city rankings. In terms of its contributions, this study offers: The results show three indicators that compose a municipal index and indicate the need for data to fully evaluate sanitation.
The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three factors or latent dimensions: In terms le limitations, we can cite the lack of available data for all of the municipalities, the reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing municipalities based on profiles, and the aggregation of data which has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
Saneamneto FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities. The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values.
However, in terms of the indicators W Efficiency and D Efficiency, more differences emerge sanemaento these municipalities. Introduction In Brazil there are roughly 3. Overall it follows a standard structure: According to Hair and collaboratorsthe factor score represents the degree to which each municipality has a an elevated score within the group of items that have elevated weights for a given factor; that is, higher values with elevated weights sanemaento a factor result in a larger factor score.
Thematic content analysis of the Sanitation Law confirmed four components: The objectives of the FA were: This is an estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just zaneamento indicator.
Lei n o To summarize these characteristics, we applied factor analysis using R, which analyzes a group of variables to identify its latent dimensions. To accomplish this, we used 83 metric variables, and 9 dichotomic variables related to urban drainage which has a scarcity of data. Rio de Janeiro, Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants.
In terms of the re, in Lfi the weighting intervenes to correct the overlapping of information between two or more correlated indicators and does not measure the theoretical importance associated with the indicator Giovannini et al. In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a geometric value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero.
Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
Qualitative research provides more profound research about a given situation Cooper and Schindler,and this is why we have applied it in order to understand the components and attributes of sanitation. Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage.
The strong points of the elaborated sanitation indicators are: Elaborated by the authors. Como citar este artigo.
In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to 111445 other. Sanitation indicators Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, The visualization of the classification results facilitates the interpretation of information in a clear and objective manner.
The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0. The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined ,ei a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2.
Ecological Indicatorsv. In this sense, lej weights se not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors.
The analysis of the variables used to elaborate the composite indicators for basic sanitation is based on the Handbook on constructing composite indicators Giovannini et al.
A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India. The sample consisted of observations the quantity of municipalities and 92 variables, equivalent to a ratio of 5: The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results 11454 the Sanea,ento rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.
From the point of view of public administration, the monitoring of data is important and necessary in order to accompany the progress of activities, improve the transparency of the accounting, and demonstrate results Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram,