TABLA DE MENDELEIEV Ley de las octavas de NewlandsLi6,9Na23, 0K39,0Be9,0Mg24,3Ca40,0B10,8Al27,0C12,0Si28,1N14,0P John Alexander Reina Newlands (; see photo at the Edgar Fahs Smith collection, University of Pennsylvania) was born in Southwark, England. John A. R. Newlands (). On Relations among the Equivalents. Chemical News Vol. 7, Feb. 7, , pp. To the Editor of the CHEMICAL NEWS.

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This free, open access web book is an ongoing project and your input is appreciated. If the elements are arranged in the order of their equivalents, lctavas a few slight transpositions, as in the accompanying table, it will be observed that elements belonging to the same group usually appear on the same horizontal line.

The element lead occupies a position in relation to kas metals of the alkaline earths similar to that filled by thallium in the group of alkali metals.

Read more about Newland’s Octavesincluding a commentry on the origional papers in Carmen Giunta’s Elements and Atoms: Queries Comments Suggestions or periodic table representations not shown on this page Suggestions for links Bug, typo or grammatical error reports about this page. SIR,– In addition to the facts stated in my late communication, may I be permitted to observe that if the elements are arranged in the order of their equivalents, calling hydrogen 1, lithium 2, glucinum 3, boron 4, and so on a separate number being attached to each element having a distinct equivalent of its own, and where two elements happen to have the same equivalent, both being designated by the same numberit will be observed that elements having consecutive numbers frequently either belong to the same group or occupy similar positions in different groups, as in the following examples: Now, if the law of “Studiosus” had any real existence, the above facts would resolve themselves into particular cases of its application.


If you know of an interesting periodic table that is missing, please contact the database curator: The analogous term in the chlorine group is not yet known.

Aluminium also is one-half of manganese, which, with iron and chromium, forms sesquioxides, isomorphous, with alumina. In this group arsenic is the mean between phosphorus and antimony. Between cobalt and zinc, copper is the mean. SIR,– In your impression of the 2nd inst.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Tungsten equals 2 of molybdenum, and tantalium equals 4 of molybdenum.

In like manner, if we include lithium, we shall have among the metals of the alkaline earths two triads, the first comprising lithium, magnesium, and calcium, and the second calcium, strontium, and barium, calcium standing at the top of one triad and at the bottom of the other. The numbers which I have attached to the various groups are merely for the purpose of reference, and have no further significance whatever.

For the sake of perspicuity, I have employed the old equivalent numbers, these atomic weights being, with one or two exceptions, taken from the 8th edition of “Fownes’ Manual. This peculiar relationship I propose to provisionally term the “Law of Octaves”. The difference between the highest member of the platinum group, viz. The relations, then, will be thus: Lo ClaptonMiddlesexEngland.

John Alexander Reina Newlands 26 November — 29 July was a British chemist who did work concerning the periodicity of elements. Periodic Table, What is it showing? Royal College of Chemistry. Lanthanium and didymium are identical with cerium, or nearly so.


Groups were shown going across the table, with Periods going down — the opposite from the modern form of the periodic table. LambethSurreyEngland. I also freely admit that some of the relations above pointed out are more apparent than real; others, I trust, will prove of a more durable and satisfactory description. In this group the first three are identical, or nearly so, and are rather more than half of the other two.


In order to avoid the frequent repetition of the word “equivalent,” I have generally used the names of the different elements as representing their equivalent numbers–thus, when I say that zinc is the mean of magnesium and cadmium, I intend to imply that the equivalent of zinc is the mean of those of magnesium and cadmium, and so on, throughout the paper: A Short History of Nearly Everything.

Newlands was the first person to devise a periodic table of chemical elements arranged in order of their relative atomic masses.


In this group vanadium is the mean between molybdenum and tungsten. Before proceeding any further, I may also remark, that in the difficult task of grouping the elementary bodies, I have been guided more by chemical characteristics than by physical appearances, and have, therefore, taken no notice of the ordinary distinction between metals and non-metallics.

To Newlands, Li to Na is an octave of eight elements, the eighth element repeating the properties of the first: The differences between the numbers of the other members of a group are frequently twice as great; thus in the nitrogen group, between N and P there are 7 elements; between P and As, 13; between As and Sb, 14; and between Sb and Bi,