The term “superorganic” was probably first used by the early sociologist Herbert of the time, Alfred Kroeber and Edward Sapir, in the American Anthropologist. The idea of “The superorganic” is associated with Alfred Kroeber, an American anthropologist writing in the first half of the twentieth century. Why the Superorganic Concept Serves the Human Sciences Badly. Peter J. Richerson University of California – Los Angeles. Los Angeles . Dobzhansky’s usage was probably inspired Kroeber and kindred influential social. scientists of his.
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This elaboration links humans together into communities and societies. They behave, however, in concert with each other, as a system external to individuals —— society. The arrangement makes them alive.
A living entity transcends its inorganic parts.
Culture as the superorganic
If we start with the inorganic, it is the physical universe, all the atoms of elements without life. The socio-cultural level, culture or society, superorganixo is carried by humans and transcends humans.
Knowing the dynamics of how carbon atoms operate, or that combining hydrogen and oxygen can result in a rapid combustion if not an explosion, does not explain how supeerorganico tree works, with its leaves converting sunlight into energy to change water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon, channels to transfer sap from leaves to root, and so on.
If you separate the dog or tree into its separate elements, it dies.
We can call this the lowest level of complexity. Do not think of a dog as a carbon atom or a hydrocarbon molecule.
Similarly, do not think of a community, an institution, a society as a human being. The links are symbolic, not genetic as in biological systems.
The superorganic is another kroebwr of describing —— and understanding —— culture or the socio-cultural system. It operates at a higher level of complexity than the organic. Similarly, the dog, if seen as a biological system, krooeber at a higher complexity than the inorganic elements which comprise it. Culture and society comprise the third level. Humans have thoughts and behaviour.
Do not anthropomorphise culture. They have developed communications between themselves to an elaborate degree, much more sophisticated than other animals.
It may have a life of its own, but its life more resembles an amoeba than a human. The second level of complexity is composed of living things.
Human beings are animals, and as superogranico are organic systems. If you copy text from this site, please acknowledge the author s and link it back to cec. Those are carried by individuals.
If you analyse all those parts, in themselves, or even as a collection, they are not living. There is a parallel, therefore, in the relations between the inorganic and the organic, as between the organic and the superorganic. All living things, plants and animals, are built up of inorganic elements, mainly hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, plus some trace elements.
Key Words Modules Sociology: Looking at the relationship between living things and their inorganic components in this way helps us to understand the relationship between culture and persons.