KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques. This manual cannot teach anyone how to be, or become, a good Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and. “An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective,” the KUBARK manual concludes.
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If kubrk is then established or strongly suspected that the agent belongs to one of the following categories, further investigation and, eventually, interrogation usually follow. The colors of walls, ceiling, rugs, and furniture should not be startling. Detention makes a number of tricks possible.
It is true that American psychologists have devoted somewhat more attention to Communist interrogation techniques, particularly “brainwashing”, than to U. Every experienced interrogator has noted that if an interrogatee is withholding, his anxiety increases as the jubark nears the mark.
We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. The Theory of Coercion C. A guard and a stenographer remain in kubxrk outer office with the interrogatee. The list manuaix almost endless – a professional manner, forcefulness, understanding and sympathy, breadth of general knowledge, area knowledge, “a practical knowledge of psychology”, skill in the tricks of the trade, alertness, perseverance, integrity, discretion, patience, a high I.
The intensely personal nature of the interrogation situation makes it all kubaek more necessary that the KUBARK questioner should aim not for a personal triumph but for his true goal — the acquisition of all needed information by any authorized means. The interrogator pretends amazement and says into the recorder, “I thought he was only a courier; and if he had told us the truth, I planned to let him go.
With all of these reservations, then, and with the further observation that those who find these psychological-emotional categories pragmatically valuable should use them and those who do not should let them alone, the following nine types are described. The choice of methods depends in part upon the answer to this question.
One often sees the most damaging documentary evidence, in the forms of letters or affidavits, fall absolutely flat as betrayers of falsehood, merely because of the unskillful way in which they are handled.
The old adage that anticipation is worse than the experience appears to also have a basis in the shadowy field of torture.
Then read it off to him. The capacity for resistance is diminished by disorientation.
CIA Torture Manual: See Inside The Declassified KUBARK Handbook
Throughout the eleven hundred pages of the manuals, there are few mentions of democracy, human rights, or the rule of law. They often reach decisions very slowly. Perhaps the best advice is that the interrogator, once alerted by information from the screening process see Part VI or by the subject’s excessive preoccupation with moral judgements, should treat as suspect and subjective any information provided by the interrogatee about any matter that is of moral concern to him.
But the successful establishment of rapport will tend to eliminate innocent blocks, or at least to keep them to a minimum.
The preliminary psychological analysis of the subject makes it easier to decide whether he is likely to resist and, if so, whether his resistance will be the product of fear that his personal interests will be damaged or the result of the non-cooperative nature of orderly-obstinate and related types. The CI interrogation techniques are discussed in an order of increasing intensity as the focus on source resistance grows sharper.
The complexities of dealing with conscience-ridden interrogatees vary so widely from case to case that it is almost impossible to list sound general principles. Wikisource has original text related to this article: For him the surrender of self-system to authoritarian-system was natural, as was the very principle of martyrdom. Termination for any reason other than the first is only temporary. On the contrary, the goal is to generate maximum pressure, or at least as much as is needed to induce compliance.
While the interrogator is struggling to learn from the subject the facts that should have been established before interrogation started, the subject is learning more and more about the interrogator. If two or more interrogation sources are suspected of joint complicity in acts directed against U.
Within a short time most people who have begun talking about themselves go back to early experiences, so that merely by listening and occasionally making a quiet, encouraging remark the screener can learn a great deal.
This work is of sufficient importance and relevance that it is no longer possible to discuss interrogation significantly without reference to the psychological research conducted in the past decade. The number of interrogators used for a single interrogation case varies from one man to a large team. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources.
To escape the mounting tension, the source may grasp at any face-saving reason for compliance – any explanation which will placate both his own conscience and the possible wrath of former superiors and associates if he is returned to Communist control. Some time is normally spent on matters of little or no intelligence interest for purposes of concealment.